Byzantine Empire (CHAPTER 13)
Terms in this set (49)
What does the eastern roman empire turn into?
What is the capital of the Byzantine empire?
The Byzantines saw their state as a ___________.
In the 6th century, the empire in the east came under the control of one of its most remarkable rulers, the emperor ________.
Reestablish the Roman Empire in the Mediterranean world and reconquer the west
What was Justinian determined to do?
When did he begin to attempt to reconquer the west?
Who led Justinian's army?
Who did Justinian's army defeat in North Africa?
Who did Justinian's army defeat in Italy?
Overextending his resources and bankrupting the empire
What has Justinian been criticized for?
Code of law
What was Justinian's code?
Corpus luris Civilis
What was the civil law in the code of law?
What was the writings of jurists in the code of law?
What was the textbook on summary of Roman law?
What contained new edicts issued by Justinian?
Wife of Justinian
True or False: Theodora influenced her husband in both church and state affairs, and established churches and monasteries, including a covenant for former prostitutes.
Revolt in 532
Hippodrome (chariot racing)
Where was the Nika revolt?
Greens and blues
What were the two sides of the Nika revolt?
What was Justinian a member of?
When the greens revolted what did Justinian initially want to do?
She convinced Justinian to fight and crush the protestors rather than flee
What advice did Theodora give Justinian which benefitted greatly.
Hippodrome and Defensive wall
What public works did Theodosius II build prior to Justinian's reign?
Hagia Sophia, church of the holy wisdom
What was Justinian's most famous achievement?
Hellenism, Rome, Christianity
What was Byzantine culture?
The Roman empires best known historian
Procopius was secretary to the great general ___________.
A firsthand account of Justinian's wars of reconquest in the western mediterranean
Book of ceremonies
Rituals for emperor written by Procopius
Thucydides (Greek historian)
- plague 542
- large territory to protect
- empty treasury
- heats on frontier
What were the problems at the end of Justinian?
Who was the emperor after Justinian, who faced many problems during his reign and attacks.
Persians and Slavs, Islam and Arabs, Bulgars
3 main groups who caused the empire problems during Heraclius' reign
Most serious challenge to Empire
The Solution to attacks, controlled military and civilian affairs in the hands of one person
What did they use to defeat the Arabs?
A Bulgarian kingdom at the Danube valley
What did the Bulgars establish?
Asia Minor and Balkans
What was the Byzantine empire reduced to by the 8th century?
What becomes the main language of the Byzantine Empire?
Byzantine Emperor Leo III
Outlawed icons (iconoclast)
Holy Roman Emperor
In 800 what does Charlemagne become?
Emperor Michael III
Main part in Photian schism in 860
Date for Great Schism
Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael Cerularius
Took part in a dual excommunication to split the east and west
- Founder of Macedonian Dynasty
- arranges death of Michael III
- strengthens position of free farmers vs aristocratic farmers
- "the wise"
- composed works of politics and theology
- makes new codification of Byzantine law
- Wrote a treatise on foreign policy to instruct his officials
- empire becomes largest during reign
- blinds 14 k
- believes terror= loyalty