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total fertility rate (TFR)
the average number of children a woman will bear over her lifetime if current birthrates remain the same
a belief that the world is characterized by scarcity and competition in which too many
people fight for few resources. Pessimists who warn of the global ecopolitical dangers of uncontrolled population growth
rate of natural increase
Natural growth rate of a population, which is CBR
minus CDR expressed as a percentage.
demographic transition model
A sequence of demographic changes in which a country moves from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates through time.
this is the tendency for growing population to continue growing after a fertility decline because of their young age distribution.
epidemiological transition model
This is a distinctive cause of death in each stage of the demographic transition. This is important because it can explain how a countries population changes so dramatically and more.
practicers have no declared home and instead travel over familiar routes over long periods of time
involves the imposition of authority, which produces involuntary movement of people
Ravenstein's laws of migration
1) every migration flow generates return migration
2) the majority of migrants move a short distance
3) migrants who move long distances tend to move to big cities
4) urban residents tend to be less migratory than rural ones
5) families are less likely to make international moves than young adults
extra factors that come into play during a migration that diverts the individual from his/her destination
occurs when an individual moves but keeps in touch with family and friends, encouraging further migration
islands of development
places within a region or country which receives the most foreign trade and labor
a person who has a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion
in reference to migration, laws that place maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year
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