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16 terms

AP History Chp 9 Vocab

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Sui dynasty
regained unity in China
Tang dynasty
built on Sui foundations, established patterns of Chinese life that endured for centuries
Song dynasty economic revolution
rapid population growth, adoption of drought-resistant rice from Vietnam and other agricultural achievements
Hangzhou
major city located along the Yangtze River
foot binding
process that involved tightly wrapping womens feet sometimes breaking bones, made women more attractive for marriage and made them fit the stereotype of being delicate and small
tribute system
system that China set up with foreigners that involved trading goods/giving gifts to resolve things and maintain a good relationship with other civilizations and barbarians
Xiongnu
nomads that caused problems for the Chinese
Khitan/Jurchen people
foreign states that required Chinese to deliver large quantities of silk, silver, and tea, concept of "bestowing gifts upon barbarians"
Silla dynasty (Korea)
allied with Tan dynasty to bring political unity to the peninsula for the first time, Korea maintained its political independence while still participating in China's tribute system
hangul
Korean phonetic alphabet
chu nom
Chinese writing that provided basis for independent national literature
Trung sisters
sisters who chose to commit suicide rather than surrendering to Chinese ways, caused rebellion
Shotoku Taishi
leader of a major clan who launched a series of missions to China
bushido
the way of the warrior
chinese buddhism
most important gift China received, as Buddhism declined in its homeland it became more popular in China, Mahayana thrived
Emperor Wendi
Sui emperor who had monasteries constructed at the base of China's five sacred mountains