7a part 2
Terms in this set (13)
serial position effect
our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list.
the encoding of picture images.
the encoding of sound, especially the sound of words.
the encoding of meaning, including the meaning of words.
mental pictures; a powerful aid to effortful processing, especially when combined with semantic encoding.
memory aids, especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices.
organizing items into familiar, manageable units; often occurs automatically.
a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic or picture-image memory lasting no more than a few tenths of a second.
a momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; if attention is elsewhere, sounds and words can still be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds.
long-term potentiation (LTP)
an increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation. Believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory.
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event.
the loss of memory.
retention independent of conscious recollection. (Also called nondeclarative or procedural memory.)
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