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B1-100

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dismay
to destroy courage or habitual state of mind
affluence
wealth
melancholy
sad, esp. a lingering or habitual state of mind
transient
passing with time; remaining only briefly
claustrophobia
fear of confined spaces
excruciating
severely painful
doctrine
a set of principles (religious, political, etc.); a rule of law, esp. as established by precedent.
banish
to drive away; to force to leave a place by official decree
phlegmatic
having a calm, sluggish temperament; unemotional
acrimony
bitter, sharp hostility in speech or behavior
ascertain
to discover with certainty, as through examination
putrid
in a foul state, as of decaying flesh; rotten
improvise
to do without preparation
rebuke
to criticize sharply
burgeon
to sprout or grow rapidly
vernacular
informal speech; native language
sinecure
a paid position that requires little or no work
assimilate
to take in as one's own; to absorb; to adapt or adjust to the customs, etc. of a group
facade
outward appearance; the face of a building
arable
suitable for growing crops (of land)
itinerant
traveling from place to place, esp. for work
halcyon
calm; peaceful
redress
to set right; to remedy
deplete
to gradually use up
effrontery
bold and insulting behavior
impoverished
without money; deprived of natural resources
sequester
to move or set apart; to quarantine
epitome
a representative example of a type
moratorium
suspension of activity; authorized delay
hallmark
any mark or symbol of genuineness or high quality
avocation
a hobby
jilt
to reject or cast off
congenial
suited to one's needs or nature; friendly; sympathetic
indefatigable
tireless, unceasing
ensue
to happen subsequently
germane
fitting and appropriate
improvident
not preparing for the future; incautious
sanguine
optimistic, cheerful
blight
a plant disease; something that impairs growth, progress, or prosperity
cantankerous
bad-tempered; quarrelsome
ubiquitous
present everywhere
impinge
to have an effect on something, esp. a negative one; to encroach
diffident
lacking self-confidence; timid; shy
cordial
warm and friendly; hearty
recede
to go back; to withdraw
reprehensible
deserving to be severely criticized
extricate
to remove from an entanglement or difficulty
burnish
to polish
concur
to agree
emulate
to copy someone; to imitate
berate
to scold severely and at length
allegory
a literary work in which the characters represent abstract ideas; a symbolic representation
dire
warning of or having terrible consequences
explicate
to give a detailed, usu. learned explanation or analysis
opportunist
one who takes advantage of every opportunity, whether or not it is moral to do so
incoherent
not sticking together; not logically connected
manifest
obvious; very clear; evident
abdicate
to willingly give up the position of king, queen, etc.; to choose not to fulfill a role or duty
edifice
a building; architectural
contrite
feeling sorry for what one has done
robust
strong and full of health
choleric
easily angered; bad-tempered
repel
to drive or force back; to drive off
solicitous
showing anxious concern
engender
to beget; to cause; to promote
vantage
a position that gives a wide view
provenance
place or source of origin
camaraderie
loyalty; a warm, friendly feeling among members of a group
dogmatic
arrogantly asserting unproved principles
magnanimous
generous; noble in mind
moribund
approaching death; nearly obsolete
disseminate
to scatter widely; (of information) to make known
catharsis
purging of the emotions
amorphous
without definite shape; shapeless; unorganized
affable
friendly; easy to talk to
inculcate
to teach or impress by frequent repetition; to instill
premonition
a sense of future event; a warning in advance
crevice
a crack or narrow fissure
surly
sullen and rude
squander
to spend wastefully
antithesis
direct contrast; opposition
apogee
the highest point; the farthest point in a satellite's orbit
elaborate
detailed; carefully thorough; v. to develop with care or at greater length
bondage
slavery; servitude
panacea
a cure-all or an all-purpose solution
mnemonic
pertaining to or assisting memory
disconsolate
extremely unhappy; seemingly beyond comforting
subterfuge
a sneaky or devious method for avoiding difficulty or unpleasantness
venerable
worthy of honor and respect by reason of dignity, age, etc.
precarious
dangerously insecure or unstable
reticence
the quality or state of being silent or uncommunicative
sullen
showing silent anger and unwillingness to be pleasant to people
antiseptic
free from germs; thoroughly clean; n. a substance that inhibits the growth of germs
repose
relaxation; a state of rest
terse
without unnecessary words; succinct
regimen
a set of rules, usually followed for therapeutic effect
cavalcade
an order of events; a procession
downtrodden
badly and unfairly treated; oppressed
laudable
worth of praise
quintessence
a pure substance or essence of something