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AP Government Chapter 2
Terms in this set (32)
A human right based on nature or God
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War
A meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes
Proposal to create a strong national government: 3 branches, 2 house legislature, executive chosen by the national legislature. Representation based on population.
New Jersey Plan
Proposal to create a weak national government: Each state got equal representation in Congress
Plan to have a popularly elected House based on state population and a state-selected Senate, with two members for each state
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
Government authority shared by national and local governments
Powers given to the national government alone
Powers given to the state governments
Powers shared by the national and state governments
Checks and Balances
Authority shared by three branches of government
Separation of Powers
Constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government
A group with a distinct political interest
Those who favor a stronger national government and want to ratify the constitution.
Those who favor a weaker national government and believe the constitution needs individual rights.
A grant in-in-aid for a broadly define policy area.
Mandatory conditions that are attached to laws in which the borrower must comply to.
A grant-in-aid for a specific policy.
legislature comprising of a two house system.
Governance according to the expressed preferences of the majority.
System of government in which all power is invested in a central government.
A system of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government. They may also share costs, administration, and even blame for programs that work poorly.
the transfer of powers and responsibilities from the federal government to the states
A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
bill of attainder
a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
ex post facto law
a law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed
A change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
an executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature