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immigration, urbanization and reform review
Terms in this set (50)
what was the goal of the temperance movement?
ending alcohol consumption
the purpose of restrictive covenants was to
keep existing neighborhoods white
medicines during this period were mostly unregulated by the government
some organizations blamed immigrants for the problems of the cities
which theory states that immigrants and immigrant groups maintain their own culture while also becoming part of American culture
peoples from various cultures come to America and blend aspects of their culture to create a new, unique American culture
what was one way that rapidly growing populations changed American cities
subways and skyscrapers were constructed
the pull factor for "birds of passage" was
New Immigrants settled in cities for all these reasons EXCEPT
Nativist groups supported
the teaching of only american culture in schools
immigrants currently make up a bigger proportion of the total US population than ever before
all of the following characterize life in the tenements EXCEPT
fair rent rates
from parts of the southern and eastern Europe, mostly
which of the following resulted from rapid urbanization?
a widening gap between the rich and the poor
graft is the use of one's job to make profit and was the source of income for the political machine
birds of passage were most likely considered
the "Golden Door"
from parts of northern and western Europe, mostly
in general, 'old" immigrants were
an open area beneath a ships deck that provided cheap passage
in addition to millions of immigrants, who else was migrating at the turn of the century?
all of the choices
After 1890, most immigrants came from:
Southern and Eastern Europe
Poorly built, overcrowded housing where many immigrants lived
Who opened the Hull House, an important settlement house in Chicago?
"little Italy" and "Chinatown" are examples of a ghetto or racial Enclave
Many immigrants supported political machines because
the machine helped them find work
Chinese Immigrants were denied entry to america even before Ellis island opened its doors ( in 1896)
An unofficial organization that traded favors for political and financial support
the main objective of nativists was to
of the following, the group that came through Ellis island in the LEAST amount of numbers
during the late 1800s, immigration laws MOST discriminated against:
Nativists opposed legislation like Chinese exclusion act
Who was William Macy tweed?
"boss" of the Democratic party in NYC
what was the goal of the social gospel movement?
to improve living conditions of the poor
the main goal of the settlement movement was to
improve conditions for the poor
the questioning and documentation into Ellis island was most difficult for:
immigrants in steerage
which statements are correct/true in describing tenements
a, c, d
the growth and expansion of cities
came from countries like italy, russia, and Greece
Where did European immigrants often settle in the US?
near ports of entry
rapid urban growth decreased the pressure put on city officials to improve police and fire protection, sewage disposal, water treatment services, etc.
Jacob Riis book "how the other half lives" exposed
tenement living conditions in new york city
a pull factor for victims of pogroms in Russia
What first attracted the Chinese to the United States?
recruitment by railroad companies
the Dumbbell Tenement was considered a housing improvement because
each building included air shafts for circulation
were considered skilled and literate, and willing to assimilate (become American)
protect "us" from "them"
Most settlement houses of the late 1800s offered
social services like classes or child care
Prohibitionists supported a ban on the sale and manufacture of alcohol
which process was generally more difficult
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