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Washington, A state of Contrasts chapters 4 explorations

Colonial Empires

US, Great Britain, Spain, France, Russia

Christopher Columbus

1492, Spanish

Treaty of Tordesillas

1492, line of demarcation between Spain/Portugal

Northwest Passsage

Supposed passage through North America, pursued by many explorers. Turned out to be northern and too icy to navigate.

Sir Francis Drake

1577, British, 1st English explorer in Pacific Northwest

18th Century Spanish

Juan Perez, Bruno de Hezeta, Juan Bodega y Quadra, Francisco Eliza, and Manuel Quimper.

Juan Perez

1774, Nootka Village

Bruno de Hezeta, Juan Bodega y Quadra

1775, San Rogue (Columbia) River

Francisco ELiza, Manuel Quimper

1790s, Juan de Fuca, Georgia, Haro, Rosario straits, San Juan Islands.

18th Century British

James Cook, John Meares, George Vancouver

James Cook

1778, Scientific explorer, realized value of fish, fur, and forests.

John Meares

1786, Search for profit, Nootka Controversy.

Nootka Controversy/Convention

Controversy between Spanish and British on British rights in the Pacific Northwest.

George Vancouver

1792, Explored, mapped, ensured Nootka Convention.


Vitus Bering, Alexei Chirikov

Vitus Bering, Alexei Chirikov

1728, 1741, duo expedition. To claim/stake, map Alaska, North America, Pacific.

US Exploration

Lewis&Clark, Robert Gray

Robert Gray

1792, Sailed entire region, made clear US economical/political interest.

Louisiana Purchase

Purchase of Lousiana Territory from Napoleon Bonaparte by Thomas Jefferson.

Corps of Discovery

Lewis, Clark, Sacajawea, York, Nez Percé to map territory

Lewis& Clark Expedition

Missouri River, Rocky Mountains, Fort Clatsop, Return trip to St. Louis

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