60 terms

Basketball Terminology

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Assist
a pass to a teammate that leads directly to a field goal
Backcourt
the area from the midcourt line to the end line furthest from the offense's basket
Bank shot
a shot where the ball is bounced (or banked) off the backboard and then drops into the basket
Blocked shot
deflection of a shot by touching part of the ball on its way to the basket
Blocking
the use of a defender's body position to prevent an opponent's advance
Boxing out
a player's attempt to position his body between his opponents and the basket to get rebounds and prevent the opponents from doing so
Charging
when an offensive player runs into a defender who has established position; this is an offensive foul
Court
the area in on which a basketball game is played; bounded by 2 sidelines and 2 end lines, containing a basket at each end
Crossover dribble
dribbling the ball across the body from one hand to the other
Cylinder
the imaginary area directly above the basket where goaltending or basket interference can occur
Dead ball
any ball that is not live; occurs after: each successful field goal or free-throw attempt, after the whistle is blown, or if the ball leaves the court
Defense
preventing the offense from scoring; "The Defense" is considered the team without the ball
Defensive rebound
a rebound by a player on defense
Double team
two teammates guarding a single opponent
Dribble or dribbling
repeatedly batting or bouncing the ball toward the floor with one hand; used to advance the ball
Drive to the basket
to move rapidly toward the basket with the ball
Dunk
when a player close to the basket jumps and slam throws the ball down into it
Elbowing
throwing your elbow(s) during play in order to hit another player or push him away; it is a foul if contact is made
End line
the line behind each basket; also called the baseline
Fast break
it begins with defensive rebound by a player who immediately sends a pass toward midcourt to his waiting teammates; these teammates can sprint to their basket and quickly shoot before enough opponents catch up to stop them
Flagrant foul
unnecessary or excessive contact against an opponent
Floor
the area of the court within the end lines and sidelines
Foul
actions by players which break the rules but are not floor violations
Free-throw
an unguarded shot taken from the foul line by a player whose opponent committed a foul; worth 1 point
Full-court press
when defenders guard the offense in the backcourt
Guarding
following an opponent around the court to prevent him from getting the ball, taking a shot or making a pass
Jump ball
where 2 opposing players jump for a ball the official tosses above and between them. The players then try to tap the ball to their teammates to gain possession
Live ball
as soon as a ball is given to a free-throw shooter or a thrower on a throw-in, it is live
Man-to-man defense
the defensive style where each defensive player is responsible for guarding one opponent
Off the dribble
a shot taken while driving to the basket
Offense
the team with possession of the ball
Offensive rebound
a rebound by a player on offense
Open
when a player is unguarded by a defender
Out of bounds
the area outside of and including the end lines and sidelines
Overtime or OT
the extra period(s) played after a regulation game ends tied
Period
any quarter, half or overtime segment
Perimeter
the area beyond the foul circle
Personal foul
contact (including a push, holdtrip, hack, elbow, restrain or charge into an opponent) between players that may result in injury
Pivot
the foot that must remain touching the floor until a ball handler who has stopped dribbling is ready to pass or shoot
Possession
to be holding or in control of the ball
Rebound
when a player grabs a ball that is coming off the rim or backboard after a shot attempt
Screen
when an offensive player stands between a teammate and a defender to give his teammate the chance to take an open shot
Shot clock
a clock that limits the time a team with the ball has to shoot it
Shooter
a player who takes a shot at the basket
Sidelines
2 boundary lines that run the length of the court
Squaring up
when a player's shoulders are facing the basket as he releases the ball for a shot
Starting lineup
the five players who begin a game for one team
Substitute
a player who comes into the game to replace a player on the court
Swing man
a player who can play both the guard and forward positions
Team fouls
each personal foul committed by a player is also counted against his team; when a team goes over the limit, its opponent is awarded free-throw opportunities
Technical fouls or Ts
misconduct that officials believe are detrimental to the game; penalized by a free-throw opportunity to the non-offending team
Three-point play
a 2-point field goal followed by a successful free-throw
Three-point shot
a field goal worth 3 points because the shooter was standing behind the 3-point line when he released the ball
Throw-in
inbounding the ball
Timeout
when play is temporarily suspended by an official or at the request of a team to discuss strategy or respond to an injured player
Tip-off
the initial jump ball that starts the game
Traveling
when the ball handler takes too many steps without dribbling; also called walking
Triple double
when a player scores double-digits in 3 categories during one game (points, assists and rebounds - also can be blocks or steals)
Turnover
when the offense loses possession through its own fault by passing the ball out of bounds or committing a floor violation
Zone defense
a defense where each defender is responsible for an area of the court and must guard any player who enters that area