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Politics of the United States
Creating the Constitution
Terms in this set (22)
Articles of Confederation
similar to congress, agreement for states to work together, weak central govt., no judiciary or exec. branch, one legislative w/ little power, states more powerful than fed govt.
colonists in west MA were mad about high taxes and bank foreclosures of farms, led by David Shay, MA raises army to stop rebellion
Philadelphia Convention of 1787
after shay's rebellion more people come than went to the annapolis convention where they decided to meet 1 year later, meet to fix articles
Why did the creators of the articles want a weak federal/central govt.?
didnt want new govt to make taxes, and wanted their states govts to be stronger than the federal govt, parliament and king strong, just got rid of them,
What were the weaknesses of the articles?
congress cant tax states, cant fix trade problems between states, 9/13 states must agree to pass laws, few laws passed, each state claimed land from treaty of paris
What powers did the central govt have?
one legislative branch with little power, could pass laws with agreement of 9/13 states
What were the problems created by the states?
states refuse to obey acts of congress, made treaties and deals with other countries, own armies, taxes for interstate travel/trade, own currency, economic chaos,
How was shays rebellion a good example of the weakness of the articles?
there was no continental army anymore, so MA had to raise its own army to put down the rebellion
didnt want equal power, rep. in congress based on pop., 2 bodies in congress both based on pop., 1 exec. chosen by congress, 1 judicial branch chosen by congress
new jersey plan
one body of congress with equal rep. for all states, same power as articles had and power to tax states, regulate trade, and remove execs., 2 execs. chosen by congress,
connecticut (great) compromise
solves problem of rep. in congress, bicameral legislature (2 houses)- upper house (senate) with more power, each state has 2 reps. chosen by state govts. and lower house (house of reps.) with number of reps. based on pop. and reps. elected by people
the three-fifths compromise
solves problem of how to count slaves, becomes problem after great compromise, slaves count as 3/5 person for rep. and taxes
trade and commerce compromise
fixes problem of trade overall and slave trade, congress has power to regulate trade but cant touch the slave trade for 20 years, and escaped slaves must return to owners
for ratification of constitution, alexander hamilton, james madison
against ratification of constitution, sam adams, john hancock
written by federalists to convince people to accept the constitution
what was the original goal of the convention?
to fix the articles of confederation
what were the major disagreements at the convention?
congressional rep. (small states vs. large states), slave trade (north vs. south), how to count slaves for rep. and taxes (north vs. south)
what did the small states and the large states want when it came to representation in congress?
small states wanted the same number of votes and the same power, large states didnt want equal power, wanted rep. to be based on pop.
what did the southern and northern states want when it came to slave trade, run-away slaves, counting slaves?
north- wanted to stop trade, escaped slaves dont have to return, slaves counted for taxes but not rep., south- congress cant touch slave trade, escaped slaved have to return, slaves counted for rep. but not taxes
how are the virginia plan and connecticut compromise similar and different?
similar- there are 2 bodies in congress, one is based on pop., different- senate w/ equal rep. has more power
how did the delegates solve the problems of representation in congress, slave trade and runaway slaves, and how to count slaves?
connecticut (great) compromise, commerce and slave trade compromise, 3/5 compromise
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