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Unit Three: Cultural Patterns and Processes
Terms in this set (85)
the less dominate culture adopts some of the traits of the more influential one.
the belief that inanimate objects (rocks, mountains, rivers, plants) have spirits and conscious life.
which reflects values, belief, and behaviors.
the dominant culture completely absorbs the less dominant one.
a qualified religion because they actively seek converts to their broad views and beliefs.
or actions that people take.
are specific statements that people hold to be true, and they are almost based on values.
the ability to communicate in two languages
a religion blended with local beliefs.
when almost all individuals and areas outward from the source region are affected.
when a pidgin becomes the first language of a group of speakers, who may have lost their formal native tongue through disuse.
emphasizes human culture as ultimately more important than physical environment in shaping human action.
a process when a non-material culture spreaded to areas around them.
is the field that studies the relationship between the natural environment and culture.
an important component of the human geography course.
the areas where civilizations first began that radiated the customs, innovations, and ideologies that culturally transformed the world.
the modification of the natural landscapes by human activities.
is the practice of evaluating a culture by its own standards.
the pass by which one generation passes culture to the next.
a trait that is combined with others in a distinctive way.
an area marked by culture that distinguishes it from other regions.
a group of interconnected culture complexes.
a culture region consisting of countless number of traits.
regional variants of standard language.
forced exodus from their lands of orgin.
Durkheim's sacred and profane
extraordinary, and ordinary.
a branch that officially split from Roman Catholicism in the 11th century C.E.
the belief that the physical environment, especially the climate and terrain, actively shapes culture, so that human responses are almost completely molded by the environment.
a religion that appeals primarily to one group of people living in one place.
the practice of judging other culture by the standards of one's own culture.
when a language was once in use, but are no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the world.
is traditionally practiced by small, homogeneous groups living in isolated rural areas.
folk culture region
when many people who live in a land space share at least some of the same folk customs.
is the composite culture, both material and non-material, that shapes the lives of folk society.
a famous geographer who wrote about diffusion.
when ideas and artifacts spread first between larger places or prominent people and only later to smaller places or less prominent people.
with roots in Ancient Greece and Rome, which emphasizes the ability of human beings to guide their own lives.
developements that can trace to a specific civilization.
Indo-European language family
the most commonly sited language family.
one more religion.
boundaries within which the words are spoken.
is culturally defined, those that are recognized by the government and the intellectual elite as the norms for use in schools, government, media, and other aspects of public life.
languages that are grouped.
romance languages, with origins that include Spanish, French, and Italian.
an established language that comes to be spoken and understood over a large area.
a condition in which many language are spoken, each by a relatively small number of people.
is the study of speech areas and their local variations by mapping word choices, pronunciation, or grammatical construction.
characterized by broad incorporation of ideas and gods from other religions as it spreads into East Asia.
transformed communism into a central ideology in many areas during the 20th century.
includes a wide range of concrete human creations called artifacts.
where the spread of culture traits is slow enough that they weaken in the area of origin by the time they reach other areas.
centered on the belief in one God.
the ability to communicate in more than two languages.
culture that consists of abstract concepts of values, beliefs, and behaviors.
the rules and expectations by which society guides the behavior of its members.
the language endorse and recognized by the government as the one that everyone should know and use.
a amalgamation of languages that borrows words from several.
is primarily but not exclusively urban-based, with a general mass of people conforming to and then abandoning ever-changing culture trends.
it first splits the Catholic Church in the 16th century, and it later divided into hundreds of denominations.
symbols with value of people in other regions.
religion: branches, denominations, sects
large divisions within a region, division of branches that unite local groups, and relatively small groups that do not affiliate with the more mainstream denominations.
when individuals or populations migrating from the source areas physically carry the innovation or idea to new areas.
with concentrations in Latin America, French Canadian, Central African, and Southern, and Eastern Europe.
focused on Agricultural Origins and Dispersals.
is an ethnic religion in which people follow their shaman, a religious leader and teacher who is believed to be in contact with the supernatural.
to other religions.
a language that is recognized by the government and the intellectual elite as the norms for use in schools, government, media, and other aspects of public life.
when a basic idea stimulates imitative behavior within the population.
landscapes symbolizing something.
transforming elements that people use to express their culture.
a major explanation for how and why culture changes occur.
characterized by a stricter adherence to the original teachings of the Buddha.
its emphasis on magic as well as different meditation techniques.
the influence of the culture traits weaken as time and distance increases.
is the study of place names, a special interest of linguistic geography.
an integral art of a local culture and society, but not all traditional religions are shamanist.
when sometimes two-way flows of culture relfect a more equal exchange of culture traits.
are the main religions in the world, it includes Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism.
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