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chapter 4 euro
Terms in this set (61)
Charles II of Spain:
the last Habsburg ruler of the Spanish Empire
the second war of conquest by Louis XIV of France, whose chief aim in the conflict was to establish French possession of the Spanish Netherlands
Prince Eugene of Savoy:
a general of the Imperial Army and statesman of the Holy Roman Empire and the Archduchy of Austria and one of the most successful military commanders in modern European history
Treaty of Utrecht:
signed in 1713 and brought to an end the War of Spanish Succession between England and France
Treaty of Rastadt:
a peace treaty between France and Austria, concluded on 7 March 1714 in the Baden city of Rastatt, to put an end to state of war between them from the War of the Spanish Succession
War of the League of Augsburg:
Also called the Nine Years' War, a conflict between Louis XIV of France and a European coalition of the Holy Roman Empire, led by Austria, the Dutch Republic, Spain, England and Savoy
French Court of Law during Old Regime
mid-century upheavals in France threatening royal government
Cardinal Mazarin -
chief minister to french kings, established a foreign policy for France
Bishop Bossuet -
French bishop and theologist known for his addresses and orations; against papal authority
Five Great Farms--
An idea proposed by Colbert of areas with no internal tariffs. By eliminating these tariffs, prices will go down and sales will go up.
French government agents who collected taxes and administered justice.
Councils of State--
Government formed by Frederick William III in 1817 which, though efficient, was not based on a constitution.
Agents who purchased from the crown the rights to collect taxes in a particular district.
French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France under the rule of King Louis XIV. He also founded the French merchant marine.
the leading painter of the classical French baroque style, although he spent most of his time working in Rome. Most of his works were on religious and mythological subjects painted for a small group of Italian and French collectors.
a proposed harmonisation of private law across the European Union; the law of obligations includes the law of contracts, delicts (or torts) and restitution. It was from work on European contract law that the push for a comprehensive European civil code arose.
French East India Company-
a commercial Imperial enterprise, founded in 1664 to compete with the English and Dutch East India companies in the East Indies. Planned by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, it was chartered by King Louis XIV for the purpose of trading in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes:
It was issued by Louis XIV of France and revoked the religious rights of Huguenots
Divine right of kings:
Doctrine that Kings derived their authority from God. Claimed by the Stuarts in Britain and Louis XIV in France
A city south-west of Paris where Louis XIV built an extravagant palace to increase his own power and lessen the power of nobles
prerogative court :
either of two ecclesiastical courts at Canterbury and York formerly responsible for the probate of wills involving property in more than one diocese.
became a leading hate figure for Puritans during the 1630s and 1640s. His determination to promote and enforce a 'high church' style of worship created many enemies and contributed to his downfall
fifth monarchy men:
a member of a 17th-century sect expecting the immediate Second Coming of Christ and repudiating all other government..
Solemn League and Covenant
was an agreement between the Scottish Covenanters and the leaders of the English Parliamentarians in 1643 during the First English Civil War.
Navigation Act of 1651
- Goods could only be imported into territories of the English Commonwealth by English ships, or by ships of the country originally producing the goods being carried. Intended to cripple the freight trade that Dutch commerce depended on. Dutch ships would only be able to import the produce of Holland (primarily butter and cheese) into England and her colonies. Led to 1st Anglo/Dutch war.
William III -
Took the throne from James II. Came from the Netherlands to England. British Army sided with William III so he was able to take power from James II. Passed the Act of Toleration in 1689 which guaranteed religious tolerance to Protestants. Stopped catholic rule. Gave more power to Parliament and ended corruption from James II rule.
Hugo Grotius -
A Dutch journalist who called for an international code based on natural law. Believed that one body of rules could reduce the dealing of governments to a system of reason and order.
-Improved Dutch telescope and saw the rings of Saturn. Also developed pendulum clocks.
Baruch Spinoza -
Jewish philosopher born in the Netherlands who was excommunicated from the Hebrew community for his questioning of ideas of faith.Known as the Father of Skepticism, the idea that one should question everything. Believed that God and nature are one and the same.
Anna Marie van Schurman -
Wrote The Learned Maid or Whether a Maid May be called a scholar (1638). Argued for education of women.
A Dutch painter who specialized in the painting of middle-class house scenes.
A Dutch theological Christian sect of the Dutch Reformed Protestant Church, Modified Calvinists.
Bank of Amsterdam-
An early Dutch bank, and the first bank to be under a modern central bank structure.
House of Orange-
The original ruling family of the Dutch Republic, first member William the Silent (William I)
The Dutch version of the King, responsible for protecting the Republic.
Treaty of Nimwegen-
A peace treaty which ended the Franco-Dutch war and set the modern southern boundary of Holland.
Estates General of the United Provinces-
The Dutch parliament, responsible for much of the governing for the Dutch republic.
A Christain denomination group and Religious Society of Friends began as a movement in England in the mid-17th century in Lancashire. They experienced prejudice.
are those who supported the parliament during the British civil war. Also known as Parliamentarians fought against the king and the theory of "divine right of kings".
Fifth Monarchy Men-
Were an extreme Puritan sect active from 1649 to 1660 during the Interregnum, following the English Civil Wars of the 17th century. They took their name from a prophecy in the Book of Daniel that four ancient monarchies would precede the kingdom of Christ.
The instrument of Government-
The constitution of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Drafted by Major-General John Lambert in 1653, it was the first sovereign codified and written constitution in England.
was an event that took place in December 1648, during the Second English Civil War, when troops of the New Model Army under the command of Colonel THomas PRide forcibly removed from the Long Parliament all those who were not supporters of the Grandees in the New Model Army and the Independents.
The Rump Parliament is the name given to the Long Parliament after Pride's Purge of December 1648 in which those MPs who sought a negotiated settlement with King Chrles I were forcibly expelled by the New Model Army.
James VI of Scotland-
King of Scotland as JAmes VI from July 24 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on March 24 1603 until his death in 1625.
The True Law of Free Monarchy-
is a treatise or essay of political theory and kingship by James VI of Scotland. It is believed James VI wrote the tract to set forth his idea of kingship, in contrast to the contractarian views espoused by, among others, George Buchanan.
a member or supporter of the Parliamentary party in the English Civil War.
Spanish surrendered control of west African slave trade to Great Britain
Peace of Ryswick:
The secured the borders of Holland and ended Louis XIV's expansion into Germany after 9 Years War
Grande Alliance of 1701:
Alliance brought together by William III against the imbalance of power Louis XIV caused, included England, Holland, Austria and Portugal.
"The Pyrenees exist no longer":
when the French gained Spain in 1702, the French controlled the majority of Europe and were no longer contained by the Pyrenees mountains
Treaty of Nimwegen:
Ended Dutch war, French gave up ambitions against Holland but took Franche Comte from Spain and brought French power to borders of Switzerland
panish king who was afflicted with disease and was a weak king who had no children and whose sister Louis XIV married to gain control of Spain, as well of France; Last of hapsburgs
Charles II of Spain:
Charles II of Spain, also known as El Hechizado or the Bewitched, was the last Habsburg ruler of the Spanish Empire. He is now best remembered for his physical disabilities, allegedly the result of inbreeding, and the war for his throne that followed his death
king of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715) Synonyms: Louis XIV, Louis the Great Example of: King of France.
is a former administrative region and a traditional province of eastern France.
a member of a group of English Protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries who regarded the Reformation of the Church of England under Elizabeth as incomplete and sought to simplify and regulate forms of worship.
a calvinist church that traces its roots to Scotland and Ireland.
relating to the Church of England.
a parliament that lasted for twenty years (between 1640 and 1660) summoned by King Charles I to pass financial bills to finance wars in Scotland. The parliament could only be dissolved by its members.
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