45 terms

Vocab Quiz

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morose
gloomy; ill-tempered
pensive
engaged in, involving, or reflecting deep or serious thought.
ellipsis
[as a literary device] the omission of words or series of words or series of words
antithesis
[as a literary device] two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect; emphasizes the idea of contrast by parallel structures of contrasting phrases or clauses
generalization
broad statement or idea applied to a group of people or ideas
speculation
conjectural consideration of a matter; the contemplation or consideration of some subject
ad hominem
attacking an opponent's character rather than answer his, her, or their argument; "against the man"
post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy
since event Y followed event X, event Y must have been caused by event X; "after this therefore because of this
reduction ad absurdum
attempts to disapprove a statement by showing it leads to a ridiculous, absurd, or impractical conclusion
syllogism
All B is A; all C is B; therefore, all C is also A
non-sequitur
an inference that does not follow from the premise
euphemistic
substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt
elegiac
expressing sorrow or lamentation
axiomatic
unquestionable; obvious
digressive
departing from the main subject
pronouncements of absolutes
not mixed or adulterated; pure, positive, certain
equivocal statements
of doubtful nature or character; allowing for the possibility of several different meanings; deliberately ambiguous
(religious) aphorisms
a terse saying embodying a general truth or astute observation
rhetorical question
a question asked solely to produce an effect or to make an assertion and not to elicit a reply
acrimonious
(typically of speech or a debate) angry and bitter.
deferential
respectful with humility; yielding to the judgement, opinion, will of another
sanctimonious
making a show of being morally superior to other people.
objective
not influenced by personal feelings, interpretations, or prejudice based on facts; unbiased
reverential
deeply respectful, tinged with awe; veneration
stoic
someone free from passion, unmoved by joy or grief; submitting without complaint
fatalistic
acceptance of all events as inevitable; submission to fate
sanguine
cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, confident
nihilistic
believing in the total rejection of established laws and institutions; embracing anarchy, terrorism, or destruction; belief in nothingness
hedonistic
a person whose life is devoted to the pursuit of pleasure and self-gratification
litotes
a type of understatement where the affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary: "not bad at all" meaning VERY GOOD
parallelism
parts of the sentence are grammatically the same—a word, a phrase an entire sentence repeated ("I have a dream")
anthropomorphism
ascribing human form or attributes to a being or thing not human especially for a deity
verbal irony
saying one thing and meaning another
situational irony
what happens is the last thing one expects
dramatic irony
the audience knows what the character does not
apt
appropriate or suitable in the circumstances.
allegorical
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
redundant
verbosity or unnecessary repetition in expressing ideas
epiphany
a sudden, intuitive perception of or insight into the reality or essential meaning of something
rationalization
the action of attempting to explain or justify behavior or an attitude with logical reasons, even if these are not appropriate.
homily
a sermon, usually on a Biblical topic and usually of a nondoctorial nature
maudlin
tearfully or weakly emotional; foolishly sentimental
caustic
severely critical or sarcastic
repentance
deep sorrow, compunction, or contrition for a past sin; regret for any past action
impenitence
not feeling regret about one's sin or sins; obdurate
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