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Questions from the study guide
Terms in this set (60)
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Which words of the Declaration of Independence explain the belief in equal rights for all people?
"that all men are created equal" "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"
What are the 4 inalienable rights listed in the Declaration of Independence?
Equality, Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness
What were the problems with the Articles of Confederation?
Too weak, no supreme court, no ability to print money, unanimous vote to amend, supermajority to pass law, firm league of friendship.
What are the first ten amendments called?
The Bill of Rights
How many Senators does Illinois have?
How many Senators does each state have?
How many Senators are there total?
Who elects Senators?
The people of each state
How were Senators elected before the 17th Amendment?
Elected by the state legislatures
What are the 3 qualifications for Senator?
1) 30 years old
2) live in the U.S. for 9 years
3) live in the state you represent
Who is the President of the Senate?
the Vice President, Joe Biden
Who acts in his absence?
The senate pro tempore, Patrick Leahy
How long is a Senator's term?
How many Senators are elected every two years?
1/3, 33 or 34
What role does the Senate play in regards to impeachment?
The senate convicts and removes
What happens if a Senator should die?
Replacement by the governor of the state
Who is the senior Senator from Illinois?
Who is the junior Senator from Illinois?
What is the major job of the Legislative Branch?
to make the law
How is representation based?
Representation based on population
How many representatives are there total?
How long is their term in office?
What Congressional district do you live in?
Who is your U.S. House Representative?
What are the qualifications for representatives?
1) 25 years old
2) live in the U.S. for 7 years
3) live in the state you represent
What part does the House play in regards to impeachment?
The House impeaches or accuses
Who is the current Speaker of the House?
Where must all revenue/tax bills start?
In the House of Representatives
How does a bill become a law?
1) proposed in either House or Senate
2) placed in committee, voted on
3) voted on by entire body
4) if passed, repeat in other branch
5) sent to president for signature
6) if bill vetoed, Congress can override the veto with a 2/3 in both houses
What is the major job of the executive branch?
To enforce or carryout the law
Who are the two most important officials of the executive branch?
The President, Barack Obama
The Vice-President, Joe Biden
How do votes work in the Electoral College?
Each state receives electoral votes equal to the number of senators and representatives they have. To be elected president, a candidate must win 270 electoral votes, which is a majority. 435+100+3 (23rd amendment)
What are the qualifications for President?
1) 35 years old
2) natural born citizen
3) lived in U.S. for 14 years
* cannot have served 2 terms (For example: B. Clinton, G. Bush)
How long is a President's term?
How many terms can a person serve?
What is the longest amount of time a person can be president?
What president was elected 4 times?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
How many days is a president allowed to consider a bill?
Who led the U.S. during the Civil War?
Who was the first U.S. President?
Who is the current president?
What president resigned?
Who was the previous president?
George W. Bush
Who was the first Catholic president?
John F. Kennedy
Who can call congress to a special session?
What presidents were impeached?
1) Andrew Johnson
2) Bill Clinton
What is the major job of the judicial branch?
To interpret the Constitution
How many Supreme Court justices are there?
How long does a Supreme Court justice term last?
What are the qualifications needed for a justice?
No formal qualifications, only senate approval
What is Judicial Review?
The right of the Supreme Court to review a law or action of the president and declare it unconstitutional
What is jurisdiction?
The right to hear a case
What is the majority decision?
The official decision of the court
What happens to a law declared to be unconstitutional?
It dies, is thrown out
Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
Who was the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court?
Who appoints Supreme Court justices?
Who confirms those appointments?
Who was the only president to also serve on the Supreme Court?
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