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Old World History & Geography - Chapter 3
Terms in this set (64)
Crossroads of the Ancient World; where history began
Fertile Cresent, where history began, and the land of the Mesopotamia
Three Places located in the Middle East
Africa, Asia, and Europe
Three Continents that come together in the Middle East
Arabs who wander from place to place with their herds of camels, sheep, and goats.
People who constantly move from one place to another
Two flat, round stones, one on top of the other used for grinding grain into flour
What was the most common way of threshing grain
To beat the grain with a stick and turn it over and over again
Used to cut grain
bundles of tied grain
How did the people cope with the extreme heat in the middle of the day?
took a break from their work
Located north of modern Israel and was made up of many cities, each with its own king
Tyre and Sidon
Located west of Phoenicia
Located east of Phoenicia
What two natural gifts made the Phoenicians the first great sea traders of the world
Seacost of the Mediterranean Sea & great forest of the Lebanon Mountains
Used for making paper
People who carry one country's goods to another country
What the Greeks called papyrus and the books that were made from it
An important city in Africa with which the Phoenicians traded
Sea snail used to make purple dye
Phoenicians were the first people to make this with the fine, white sands of their sea cost.
Trading post that later became the most important city in North Africa and one of the gratest cities of ancient times
most valuable contribution to the world by the Phoenicians
The first two letters of the Greek alphabet
Alpha & Beta
A body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides
Earliest known inhabitants of Asia Minor; empire builders
A group of countries or kingdoms that are under the control of a powerful ruler
The powerful ruler who controls the empire
People traveling in groups with pack animals
Trading goods for other goods
System of Money
What replaced the Bartering System of trade
The group of people that minted the first coins; makers of money
The last king of Lydia; famous for his wealth
job of separating grain from the husk of the plant
process of making coins
God's chosen people
most important river in Israel
crack in the earth's surface
lowest place on the earth's surface; saltiest body of water
God's rules of right and wrong
led the Israelites into Canaan, battle of jericho
wicked people who worshipped Baal
Canaanite's god,god of war and storms
city the Israelite's conquered with trumpets and shouts
Israel's first king; military leader
man after God's own heart, 2nd king of Israel
built the temple in Jerusalem
led the Israelites out of Egypt, God gave him 10 commandments from Mount Sinai
great Assyrian capital city that Jonah was sent to prophecy too
prophet who God sent him to preach in Ninevah.
conquered 10 northern tribes of Israel.
two cities in Babylonian [ Babel, Babylon]
leader who wrote series of laws called the code of Hammurabi-over 300 laws about marriage, farming, family, not everyone was treated the same, like slaves and free men
a. mentioned in the book of Daniel.
b. built the Hanging Gardens for his wife.
c .conquered the south tribes of Judah
conquered Babylonian empire
Persian king who allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple
conquered Persian empire
famous for purple dye; alphabet makers; great sea traders
able to interpreting dreams and visions.
had three years in the kings court
10 times wiser than the wise man of babylon
The new Babylonians, their king was king Nebuchadnezzar.
the king who conquered all of Mesopotamia and established the Chaldean Empire or New Babylonian empire his son was Nebuchadnezzar
A king that took the throne after Cyrus died and built the Royal Road, made provinces, and made minted coins. was influenced by Daniels wisdom and appointed him president over kingdom
grandson of King Nebuchadnezzar, a wicked leader of Babylon that was defeated by Cyrus the Great-he saw the writing on the wall the empire would fall-Cyrus the great beat him.
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