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How did Route 66 impact the United States? (3 pts)
It allowed people to spread further west. It provided a road, which provided a route for people trekking west from Chicago to California. Towns popped up along the route. People traded large yards for garages or carports. Vehicles created a need for gas stations, repair shops, public garages, motels, tourist camps, and shopping centers.
What were some differences between urban and rural life in the '20s? (3 pts)
City dwellers read and argued about current scientific and social ideas. They judged one another by accomplishment more often than by background. They tolerated drinking, gambling, and casual dating - worldly behaviors considered sinful and shocking in small towns. Life was fast paced, not leisurely; impersonal and frightening. In the city, lonely migrants from the country often ached for home.
How was Prohibition met? Who was for and who was against it and why? (4 pts)
It was met with division, bootlegging, and speakeasies. Women were for it and men were more against it. People in the country were more against it, people in the city wanted to be able to drink. Women felt that the abuse of alcohol was leading to more serious sins such as abuse, adultery, causing men to lose their jobs. People for prohibition wanted to let loose because the war had just ended and they wanted to enjoy life.
Name three important people we studied in the Harlem Renaissance and give a sentence or two on what difference they made. (6 pts)
Zora Neale Hurston wrote Their Eyes Were Watching God, which portrayed lives of poor, unschooled Southern blacks. Ethel Waters was a singer and actress who debuted on Broadway in the musical Africana. Armstrong and Calloway popularized "scat" which is improvised jazz singing using sounds instead of words.
What were some postwar trends in the U.S.?
The debate over League of Nations divided America. Progressive Era had caused numerous wrenching changed in American life. The economy was in a difficult state of adjustment. Returning soldiers faced unemployment or took back old jobs from women and minorities. The cost of living had doubled.
What was a response to outsiders in the U.S. after WWI?
Nativism and isolationism.
Who placed himself in charge of hunting down suspected communists, socialists, and anarchists during the post-war time?
General A. Mitchell Palmer
Who were the Sacco and Vanzetti?
They were Italian immigrants and anarchists who both evaded draft during WWI. They were arrested and charged with the robbery and murder of a factory paymaster and his guard in Massachusetts. Witnesses said the criminals appeared to be Italian. They had alibis and had no evidence against them. The judge was prejudice against them and found them guilty. They were sentenced to death.
What was the mission of the Ku Klux Klan?
They were devoted to 100% Americanism. They believed in keeping blacks in their place, destroying saloons, opposing Jews, Roman Catholics, and foreign-born people out of the country
What was one way the government tried to limit immigration?
Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act of 1921, which set up a quota system, establishing the maximum number of people who could enter the US from each foreign country.
Which immigrants did the U.S. government never try to limit?
It did not apply to immigrants from the Western Hemisphere.
Why were there so many strikes in 1919?
During the war, the government would not allow workers to strike because nothing could interfere with the war effort.
What were the three major strikes we discussed?
The Boston Police Strike, the Steel Mill Strike, the Coal Miners' Strike
What happened to the labor movement in the '20s?
The 20s hurt labor movement badly.
What was the general feeling of the Dawes Plan?
What was wrong with President Harding's appointments for cabinet members?
The cabinet included the so-called "Ohio gang," the president's poker-playing cronies who caused a great deal of embarrassment. Some used their offices to become wealthy through graft.
What was the backbone of American business from 1920s-70s?
When Coolidge became president, what did he want the government to do to allow private enterprise to flourish?
He kept government interference in business to a minimum
What is the term used in which cities spread in all directions?
Who was the first American to fly across the Atlantic Ocean?
How did factories use electricity?
Development of an alternating electrical current made it possible to distribute electricity more efficiently over long distances.
What made lives of the housewives easier, freeing them for other community and leisure activities?
Electrical appliances made lives of housewives easier, freed them for other community and leisure activities, and coincided with a growing trend of women working outside the home.
How did advertising change in the '20s?
Advertising agencies no longer just informed the public about products and prices. Psychologists were hired to study how to appeal to people's desire for youthfulness, beauty, health, and wealth.
How were people able to make large purchases if they did not have the money to pay for the merchandise?
Buying goods on credit, the installment plan enabled people to buy goods over an extended period, without having to put down much money at the time of purchase.
During this time many people moved away from _____ and into _____?
People moved away from farms and towns and into cities.
What is Prohibition?
Banning the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol.
Where were the primary areas of the United States that supported Prohibition?
Support came mainly from the rural south and west, areas with large native-born Protestant populations.
What was the name of the women's group that helped to push Prohibition through to become a law because they say drinking as a sin?
Woman's Christian Temperance Union
Who was a major leader of organized crime in Chicago during the '20s?
A protestant movement grounded in literal or non-symbolic, interpretation of the Bible.
What was the Scopes trial really trying to determine?
It was a fight over evolution and the role of science and religion in public schools and in American society.
What is a flapper?
A flapper is an emancipated young woman who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day. They wore close-fitting felt hats bright waist-less dresses an inch above the knee, skin-toned silk stockings, sleek pumps, and strings of beads
What was the double standard of this time?
It was a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women - it required women to observe stricter standards of behavior than men did.
What kind of work opportunities did women take at this time?
Many female college graduates turned to "women's professions" - teachers, nurses, and librarians. Big businesses required extensive correspondence and record keeping, creating a huge demand for the clerical workers such as typists, filing clerks, secretaries, stenographers, and office machine operators. Others became clerks in sores or worked on assembly lines.
Why was birthrate dropping during the '20s?
Women were working, and therefore put off having children. The birthrate also dropped due to the invention of the birth control pill.
How were families changed in the '20s?
Public agencies provided services for the elderly, public health clinics for the sick, and workers' compensation for those who could no longer work. These innovations and institutions had the effect of freeing homemakers from some of the traditional family responsibilities. Housework was no longer a main priority. Marriages were now based on love and companionship. Children no longer had to work, so they went to school.
What happened to school enrollment through the '20s?
It increased dramatically.
What were some changes in news coverage?
Newspaper circulation rose as writers and editors learned how to hook readers by imitating the sensational stories of tabloids. Radio was the most powerful communications medium to emerge in the '20s
What did Americans do in their free time during the '20s?
They went to movies, listened to the radio, did crossword puzzles, flagpole sitting, dancing marathons, sports, etc.
Which composer merged traditional elements with American jazz, creating a new sound that was identifiably American?
Who coined the term the "Jazz Age" to describe the '20s?
F. Scott Fitzgerald
What was the Harlem Renaissance?
It was a literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture.
Who had the idea for African Americans to go "back to Africa" to help build a mighty nation there?
In what type of music do musicians blend instrumental ragtime and vocal blues?
Judge Taylor says, "I was thinking about appointing you to take his case." What is Atticus's response?
Which social psychologist conducted one of the most famous and shocking experiments on obedience?
When was Zeta Phi Beta founded?
What ranking does UCSB have among the "25 best Hispanic Serving Institutions" according to the College Raptor?
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