History Vocabulary Words (3)

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Republic
Form of democracy where citizens vote for representatives to rule
Patricians
wealthy landowning class that holds most of the power
Plebeians
Artisans, merchants, farmers; can't rule, can't vote
Tribunes
Elected plebeian reps to protect their rights from unfair acts of patricians
Consuls
Similar to presidents
Dictator
Absolute power in emergencies
Senate
300 elected patricians; held all real power to make laws
Legion
Military unit of infantry and calvary
Imperialism
Controlling foreign lands
Pax Romana
Augustus' rule begins 207 year period of peace ("Roman Peace").
Messiah
Savior sent by God
Apostles
Students of Jesus like Peter and Paul traveled all over Roman Empire to spread Christ's teachings
Martyrs
People willing to sacrifice their lives for their beliefs
Clergy
Priests, led by Bishops
Pope
Bishop of Rome considered leader of whole Christian church
Constantinople
Western empire had completely collapsed. Eastern half survived.
Aqueducts
designed to bring water into cities
Justinian Code
The body of Roman law collected by order of the Byzantine emperor, Justinian around A.D. 534.
Hagia Sophia
"Holy wisdom" was his greatest church project