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SOC 214 final review questions
Terms in this set (47)
According to the text, studies of the transition to parenthood, which of the following statements is FALSE?
The birth of a child is usually associated with increased marital satisfaction.
Which of the following statements is an assumption of the sociobiological model of parenting?
Men and women are biologically different and therefore have different social roles.
According to the text's discussion of the fecundity rate and the fertility rate, which of the following statements is TRUE?
Rarely does the fertility rate reach the fecundity rate, although it comes close in some groups.
Sandra and Ron believe that it is a good thing to want children and that all married couples should want children. Their attitude reflects what sociologists refer to as being ___________.
The process of modernization is a likely explanation for declining fertility rates. Which of the folloeing factors is NOT included in the process of modernization?
Increased movement to rural areas
According to the text, practices used by persons with the conscious intent of affecting fertility are called ___________.
Manifest fertility regulation
According to lecture, which of the following statements concerning teen pregnancy is TRUE?
Over the last several decades, the share of all non-marital births that are to teenagers has been declining.
According to lecture, which of the following is NOT one of the four characteristics of marriage as an institution?
Marriage is totally private commitment that binds two individuals together
According to lecture, how is marriage becoming deinstitutionalized?
Many of the behaviors once only found in marriage are no longer limited to marriage.
According to the Gallup Poll, "Singles Seek Soul Mate for Marriage," the majority of female respondants said they wanted a husband who ______.
Communicated about his deepest feelings
According to lecture, there has been a historical change in how we view marriage. For example, the ___________ marriage is characterized by romantic love, open communication, flexible roles, and self-development.
According to lecture, there has been a historical change in how we view marriage. For example, the ___________ marriage is characterized by a focus on affection, friendship, sexual gratification, and separate and defined spousal roles.
According to the lecture, all marriages go through a series of stages. Couples in the expansion stage...
Feel that they are creating a common vision and accept each other unconditionally.
According to lecture, all marriages go through a series of stages. Couples in the contraction stage...
Focus on problems with their partner and in the relationship may feel disillusioned with their partner
How is the ideal of romantic love different from the expectation of commitment?
Romantic love is idealized
According to the text, _______________ is when married couples reach an agreement about their roles based on commonly held assumptions that are often derived from tradition rather than by discussion and negotiation.
Of the ten family roles that the newly married couple must construct when they marry, the _________ role deals with the emotional and instrumental needs of the couple, including providing sympathy, understanding, and advice.
A form of marriage that exists for the love and intimacy it provides to the partners is called an ________ marriage.
Which of the following statements is FALSE concerning the effect of role consensus on marital quality?
Role consensus has been shown to have little effect on marital quality
Which of the following is NOT a relationship maintenance behavior as described in the text?
Honesty, or being critical of the relationship in order to improve it
According to lecture, which of the following is NOT a characteristic of traditional courting or calling?
Couples are expected to have complete privacy
As discussed in lecture, which of the following was not a characteristic of formal dating?
The date was supposed to be initiated by the woman
As discussed in lecture, which of the following statements is FALSE concerning contemporary forms of dating?
Dating is more likely to proceed through a series of stages such as going steady and engagement
According to lecture, what are the two main functions of courtship or formal dating?
Mate selection and recreation
According to lecture, a researcher named Whyte identified several dysfunctions with the system of dating. Which of the following is NOT one of these dysfunctions?
Individuals do not date enough people before getting married
According to the text, mate selection options in different cultures can be placed on a continuum. The point on the continuum in which each individual has complete freedom to decide who his or her mate will be and everyone is a potential mate even if they are already married is the point labeled:
C: Open choice; universal permanent availability
According to the text, which of the following was NOT part of the romantic ideal that became the normative basis for mate selection in the United States?
We should choose a partner who will be a good parent and provider
According to the text, courtship patterns have changed since the 1970s. For example the text argues that, due to changes in the median age at first marriage and the age when dating begins,
First married partners are much more likely to have had previous intimate partners than at any previous time
The model of the marriage market in which women and men expect both partners to contribute equally to the marriage in terms of income and intimacy is called the ________.
Income pooling model
Raul has dated a variety of women from diverse racial, religion, and economic background, BUT he ended up marrying someone who was the same race, social class, age, and religion. His marriage is and example of the principle of ______
The term pool of eligible is used to define ...
Individuals who are regarded as available and acceptable marriage partners
According to lecture, how do our social characteristics like race, religion, social class and age affect whom we marry?
Women traditionally have married men who are the same social class or higher than they are
According to the Pew report in interracial relationships discussed in class, which of the following statements is FALSE?
Only a minority white and black respondants under the age of 49 siad that they would accept a family member's marriage to someone of any other race/ethnicity
According to the text, the tendency to select mates from persons who live nearby is called...
According to the percentages shown in class on who introduces us to our romantic partner, which group was most likely to meet through self-introduction?
Non-cohabiting partnerships lasting less than one month
According to the text, in a particular culture at a particular time, there are shared ideas about what makes a desirable mate. Your ranking based on these socially agreed upon characteristics or resources is your
General marital desirability
According to the discussion of the Pew Study of Millennials published in 2010, which of the following statements is TRUE concerning Millennial's opinons on cohabitation?
The majority of millennials thought that the trend of cohabitation made no difference to society
According to lecture, which of the following is NOT a reason for increased amounts of cohabitation?
Decreasing concerns about cost of living
According to the Gallup Poll, which asked 20-29 year olds about their attitudes toward cohabitation, which of the following statements is TRUE?
The majority of 20-29 year olds agreed that living together before marriage was a good way to avoid divorce
According to lecture, CDC data examining whether cohabitation prevent future divorce concludes that...
Cohabiting couples, who were not engaged when they moved in together, are somewhat more likely than the non-cohabiting couples to later separate or divorce.
According to Stanley, relationship inertia results in
Couples marrying because they are cohabitating
According to the Pew study examining the connection between marriage and level of education in 1970 and 2007, how does one's level of education affect whether or not one gets married?
Men with a college degree are more likely to be married than men without a college degree
According to lecture, which of the following fators decrease the probability that a first premarital cohabitation makes the transition to marriage within 5 years?
Living in a community with a lower median family income
According to Casper and Sayer's study of cohabitation, when asked to categorize their relationship, the majority of cohabitants categorized their relationship as...
A precursor to marriage
According to statistics on teen sexuality discussed in class, which of the following statements is FALSE?
The majority of teens between the ages 15 and 17 have had sexual intercourse
According to the discussion of the Hamilton and Armstrong "looking up" study in lecture, which of the following statements is FALSE?
The study found that women engaged in "hooking up" because the men they were with refused to commit to long term relationships
According to the text, what do studies show about the effect of parents on teen sexual behavior?
Parents who are either very strict or very permissive had more sexually active children than parents who were moderately strict
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