History 1302 Lecture Terms 1 & 2 McCoy
Terms in this set (48)
Northern emigrants (Yankees) who participated in the Republican governments of the reconstructed south
White southern republican, some former unionists, who served in reconstructed governments
Ulysses S. Grant
General of Union Army during the civil war
Robert E. Lee
General of Confederate Army during civil war
Where the civil war ended when Lee Surrendered on April 9th, 1865
Ku Klux Klan
Organized in Pulaski, Tennessee in 1866, terrorized former slaves who voted and held political offices during reconstruction. In 1910s and 1920s stressed white, anglo saxon, and fundamentalist. In 1950s and 1960s fought the civil rights movement
Compromise of 1877
Marked the end of reconstruction. Deal made to declare Rutherford B. Hayes winner in exchange for the withdrawal of troops from the south
post- Civil War South, term used by Henry Grady. Democratic, industrial, urban, and free nostalgia for the defeated plantation south
Developed after the civil war. Landless workers farmed land in exchange for farm supplies and a share of the crop. Often former slaves
Post civil war politics, opponents of the Redeemers. Forgot nothing and learned nothing from the Civil War
Post civil war politics, opponents of the Bourbons. Supported post war democratic leaders who supposedly saved the south from yankee domination
Ida B. Wells
A journalist who was denied her seat on a railroad car because she was black. Became first african american to file a suit against such discrimination
Jim Crow Laws
mandated the separation of races in various public places, a way ruling whites imposed their will on all areas of black life
Booker T. Washington
Believed african american community should establish an economic base for it's advancement before striving for social equality
1) Citizenship for African Americans, 2) Repeal of 3/5 Compromise, 3) Denial of former confederate officials from holding national or state office, 4) Repudiate (reject) confederate debts
Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
System that allowed farmers to get more credit. They used harvested crops to pay back their loans.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
a case that was brought to supreme court by black lawsuits to challenge the legality of segregation. The court ruled that segregation was legal as long as it was "equal"
Military Reconstruction Act
1867; divided the South into five districts and placed them under military rule; required Southern States to ratify the 14th amendment; guaranteed freedmen the right to vote in convention to write new state constitutions
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
17th President of the United States, A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote
John Wilkes Booth
A crazed actor and Confederate zealot, who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theater.
Developed by the Radical Republicans and it required 50 percent of the southern citizens in each state to take an oath of allegiance in order for that state to rejoin the Union
Lincoln's plan that allowed a Southern state to form its own government afetr ten percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
The bureau's focus was to provide food, medical care, administer justice, manage abandoned and confiscated property, regulate labor, and establish schools.
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
William Tucumseh Sherman
American soldier who received lots of recognition, Marched to the Sea. Pushed through the Deep South to Atlanta and the Atlantic Coast, Pushed through the Deep South to Atlanta and the Atlantic Coast
1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it. Encouraged westward migration.
W.E.B. Du Bois
A Harvard trained professional who called for equal rights immediately for African Americans. He founded the NAACP that aimed to help African Americans improve.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for African Americans, got Supreme Court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional
African American leader durin the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
Great American Desert
The vast arid territory that included the Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, and the Western Plateau. Known as this before 1860, they were the lands between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Coast.
Benjamin "Pap" Singleton
African American man who promoted the migration of other African Americans from the South, which he had escaped as a slave, to his community in Dunlop, Kansas.
A name for African Americans who settled on the Great Plains
Nickname for African-American soldiers who fought in the wars against Native Americans living on the Great Plains during the 1870s
Pacific Railroad Act
Called for the building of the Transcontinental Railroad to stretch across America connecting California and the rest of America.
with his friend Oliver Loving, he created the Goodnight-Loving Trail, route for getting cattle from Texas ranches to beef markets in Wyoming
created the goodnight-loving trail anand JA ranch in palo duro canyon consistig of over 1 million acres and 100,000 head of cattle
He marketed the first barbed wire, solving the problem of how to fence cattle in the vast open spaces of the Great Plains where lumber was scarce, thus changing the American West.
Typically fought over water rights or grazing rights to unfenced/unowned land, it could pit competing farmers or ranchers against each other
the unproductive process of storing up grievances and then unloading them when an argument arises
United States outlaw who fought as a Confederate soldier and later led a band of outlaws that robbed trains and banks in the West until he was murdered by a member of his own gang (1847-1882)
John Wesley Hardin
one of the most notorious gunmen in TX (killed over 30 people)
The major private detective agency of the 19th century was formed by ____.
name given to Great Plains farmers because they had to break through so much thick soil, called sod, in order to farm
Large scale farms often over 50,000 acres, where farmers set up companies to operate
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