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Global Test 1
Terms in this set (36)
wrote The Prince, describing how to rule in an age of ruthless power politics
Written by Machiavelli described how to get power and maintain it
a German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Chruch. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices.
Invented the printing press
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
summoned Luther to Imperial Diet of Worms to put punishment in effect, opposed Luther's doctrine and didnt want Lutheranism to spread, sent armies against protestants
Arguments written by Martin Luther against the Catholic church.
Peace of Augsburg
1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
Diet of Worms
Assembly of the estates of the empire, called by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in 1521. Luther was ordered to recant but he refused. Charles V declared Luther an outlaw.
What did Luther do following the Diet of Worms?
Went into hiding
An economic and defensive alliance of the free towns in northern Germany, founded about 1241 and most powerful in the fourteenth century.
What lead Luther to write the 95 Theses?
The selling of indulgences
Effects of the printing press
1. Increased literacy
2. Printed Bible in German, English and French
3. Spread the ideas of the Reformation
What lead to the decline of the Catholic Church?
The Protestant reformation
What were the most powerful countries during the Protestant reformation?
England, France, Spain.
Edict of Nantes
Legitimized Calvinist worship and allowed Calvinists to engage in politics in France
Why did parliament not allow Mary I of Scotland to become Queen?
Because she was catholic
Act of Supremacy
Declared the king (Henry VIII) the supreme head of the Church of England in 1534.
King of England had many wife's signed Act of Supremacy
Phillip II of Spain
Ruler of Spain tried to make England Catholic by marrying the Queen Mary I.
appointed Catholics to high office, wasn't liked by parliament
King of England and Scotland became the first king after the Tudor Dynasty.
Henry of Navarre
Calvinist Leader of Huguenot forces, became king of France and converted to Catholicism to ease social tensions in France.
Protestant, last ruler of the Tudor dynasty. Defeated Spanish Armada.
Son of James I, persecuted puritans was executed
William and Mary
Ran James II out of England and became king and Queen, signed bill of rights
King Aldolphus of Sweden
hero for the Protestants during the 30 Years War
King Louis XIV of France
1) Monarch who ruled with absolute, unlimited power that became a model for the rest of Europe. 2) France experienced declining wealth during his reign.
Peter the Great
This was the tsar of Russia that Westernized Russia and built up a massive Russian army.
Frederick William the Great Elector
This was the man who starting absolutism in Prussia by uniting the three provinces of Prussia under one ruler.
Not much land
No natural barriers
40,000 man army
Failed to create a German Empire
South east Europe
Divine Right Monarchy
The belief that a monarch's power derives from God and represents Him on earth.
30 years war
War between Catholics and Protestants
Peace of Westphalia
series of treaties that ended the Thirty Years' War
A political system in which a monarch holds total power
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
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