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US History Unit 1 vocab
Terms in this set (34)
land bridge that connected Asia and North America during the Ice Age, earliest americans migrated from asia to america
a 16th-century movement for reform in the Roman Catholic Church ending in the establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches.
a series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Westrn European Christians to reclain control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims
Treaty of Tordesillas
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
a system in which Spanish authorities granted colonial landlords the service of Native Americans as forced laborers
Founded in 1607, in Virginia, 1st English colony to survive into a lasting settlement
the Virginia Company's policy of granting 50 acres of land to each settler and to each family member who accompanied him
armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley, 1st rebellion in U.S colonies
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
Member of puritan groups that denied the possibility of reform with in church of English and established their own independence congregations
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
a series of laws enacted by Parliament, beginning in 1651, to tighten England's control of trade in its American colonies
the transfer of the British monarchy from James II to William and Mary in 1688-1689
Unofficial policy of relaxed royal control over colonial trade and only weak enforcement of Navigation Laws.
the voyage that brought enslaved Africans to the West Indies and later to North America
(1739) uprising of slaves in South Carolina leading to tightening of harsh slave laws
18th century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of reason and the scientific method as means of obtaining knowledge
A revival of religious feeling in the American colonies during the 1730s and 1750s
Proclamation of 1763
An order in which Britain prohibited its American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
1764, trade law enacted by parliament in attempt to reduce smuggling in British colonies in North America
1765, parlament established 1st direct taxation of goods and services with in the British colonies in North America
Laws entailed by parlament in 1767 establishing indirect taxes in British imported goods
Boston Tea Party
1773, dumping of 18000 pounds of tea into Boston harbor by colonists protesting the tea act
Committees of Correspondence
one of the groups set up by American colonists to exchange information about British threats to their liberties
Temporary rule by military rather then civilian authority
Olive Branch Petition
A document sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George III, proposing a reconciliation between the colonies and Britain
Published 1776, pamphlet by Thomas Paine calling for separation of colonies from Britain
Colonists who supported American independence from Britain
Treaty of Paris
signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War.
the belief that all people should have equal political, economic, social, and civil rights
series of laws passed in 1774 to punish Boston for the Tea Party
French and Indian War
(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.
Patriot civilian soldiers just before and during the Revolutionary War, pledged to be ready to fight at a minute's notice
Stamp Act Congress
A meeting of delegations from many of the colonies, the congress was formed to protest the newly passed Stamp Act It adopted a declaration of rights as well as sent letters of complaints to the king and parliament, and it showed signs of colonial unity and organized resistance.
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