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Environmental laws for AP Environmental Science.
Terms in this set (32)
1961, International. Regulates use of Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans any military activity there.
Cairo Conference on Population and Development
1994, International. Steers United Nations Population Fund, discusses immigration, infant mortality, birth control, family planning, the education of women, and protection for women from unsafe abortion services.
Clean Air Acts
1963, National. Controls air pollution in the United States on a national level.
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation Liability Act
1980, National. Allows US government to clean and control leaks of harmful substances into the environment.
Convention of Climate Change and teh Kyoto Protocol
1997, International. Document to reduce release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
Convention of the Ozone Depletion and the Montreal Protocol
1987, International. Agreement to stop release of halogenated hydrocarbons that deplete the ozone layer.
Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species
1973, International. Agreement to minimize international trade in wild species to prevent the extinction of species as a result of trade in wild species.
Law of the Sea Convention
1982, International. Controls use of the natural resources in the ocean and decided on the rights of nations to use the oceans.
Declaration of the Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Declaration)
1972, International. Declares the responsibility of humans to maintain the environment.
Endangered Species Act
1973, National. Protects species with an immediate threat of extinction as a consequence of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation.
Energy Policy Act
1992, National. Addressed energy efficiency, conservation, and management while also discussing alternative fuels and requirements for them.
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
1938, National. Regulates food, drug, and cosmetic production/distribution.
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Infanticide Act
1947, National. Regulates pesticide use to protect applications, consumers, and the environment.
Food Quality Protection Act
1996, National. Manages use of pesticides specifically for the purpose of food cleanliness.
1900, National. Protects plants and other wildlife by creating penalties for violations. Prohibits trade in wildlife, fish, and plants that have been illegally taken, transported, or sold.
Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act
1934, National. Protects wildfowl by requiring hunters to have certain stamps that contain signatures in order to be able to hunt.
National Wildlife Refuge System Act
1966, National. Establishes a unifying mission that determines compatible uses of refuges and requires preparation of conservation plans.
National Environmental Policy Act
1969, National. Assures that all branches of government give proper consideration to the environment.
Rio Earth Summit
1992, Internaitonal. Encourages the development of national strategies capable of encouraging sustainable environmental development, stabilize greenhouse gases, conserve forests, biological diversity, and establishes a goal of golbal cooperation concerning the environment.
Soil Conservation Act
1935, National. Controls floods and maintains the navigability of waterways. Also protects public health and interests.
Solid Waste Disposal Act
1965, National. Promotes management of solid wastes and encourages research of improved methods of waste management.
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act
1977, National. Establishes a program to regulate mining activities and the reclamation of coal-mined lands.
Taylor Grazing Act
1934, National. Initially permitted 80 millions acres of public lands to be placed into grazing, now no limit on the amount of lands in grazing districts.
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
1986, National. Supports emergency planning for chemical accidents and provides info about chemical hazards.
Occupational Safety and Health Act
1970, National. Ensures the protection of employees and environmental issues such as toxic substances and chemicals.
Oil Pollution Act
1990, National. Assists in preventing and responding to oil spills. Can provide up to $1 billion per spill incident.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
1976, National. Controls hazardous waste and management of non-hazardous solid wastes. Also addresses underground petroleum tanks.
Safe Water Drinking Act
1974, National. Ensures quality drinking water and oversees the states, localities, and water suppliers who implement standards for clean water.
Toxic Substance Control Act
1976, National. Regulates the introduction of new or already existing chemicals. Addresses the production, importation, use, and disposal of specific chemicals including PCBs, asbestos, radon, and lead based paint.
U.S. Clean Water Act
1972, Established the goals of eliminating releases of high amounts of toxis substances into water, eliminating additional water pollution and ensuring that surface waters would be clean for recreation.
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
1968, Preserved rivers for possessing remarkable scenic, recreational, and other similar values. Preserved in free flowing conditions.
1964, National. Created the legal definition of wilderness in the United States and protected 54 wilderness areas of federal land. Prohibitions include closure to motorized vehicles, or any kind of development.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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