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AP HUGE unit 2- population and migration
Terms in this set (46)
the number of people aged 65 years and older per 100 children aged zero to 14 years in a given population
arithmetic population density
calculated by dividing a region's population by its total area
migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
child mortality rate
the number of deaths of children under age 5 per 1,000 live births
a disease that develops gradually and continues over a long period of time
the action or process of settling among and establishing control over the indigenous (native) people of an area.
crude birth rate
The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society (the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area)
crude death rate
The number of deaths per year per 1,000 people
demographic transition model
A process of change in a society's population from a high crude birth rate and death rates to low rates of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase and higher total population.
a value comparing the working to the nonworking parts of a population
confined to a particular country or area
phase of development by sudden and stark increase in population growth rates brought by improved security and innovations in public health and medicine
eugenic population policy
government policy designed to favor one race over another
expansive population policy
government policy that encourages large families and raises the rate of population growth
permanent movement usually compelled by cultural factors
the socially constructed roles and characteristics by which a culture defines male and female
An inherited medical condition caused by a DNA abnormality
greater pull in larger communities + the assumption that people tend to leave larger communities than small
foreign people who are permitted to live and work temporarily in a host country
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
infant mortality rate
the number of children who die before their first birthday
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread from one individual to another.
a permanent move within the same country
internally displaced person
person has been forced to migrate for similar political reasons as a refugee but has not migrated across an international border
a permanent move from one country to another
barriers that make reaching their desired destination more difficult. (economic, social, political, environmental)
islands of development
Place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure
the number of years the average person will live
natural increase (NIR)
the percentage at which a countrys population is growing or decreasing, without the impact of migration.(crude birth rate minus the crude death rate divided by 10)
A program established by the Chinese government in 1979 to slow population growth in China, each family was only allowed to have one child. (anti-natalist)
Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
physiological population density
calculated by dividing population by the amount of arable land (suitable for growing crops)
a bar graph that represents the distribution of population by age and sex (one of the most useful tools to study population)
factors that pull you toward someplace (usually positive)
factors that push away from someplace (usually negative)
someone who is forced to migrate from his or her home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of his or her race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion
money migrants send back to family and friends in their home countries
A refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country, usually with the assistance of government or a non-governmental organization.
restrictive population policy
Government policy designed to reduce the rate of natural increase.
total fertility rate
the average number of children who would be born per woman of that group, in a country, assuming that every woman lived through her childbearing years
The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
immigrants who come into a country without the government's permission
permanent movement undertaken by choice
zero population growth
A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
a person who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there (migration to a country)
A person who leaves a country or region to live elsewhere (migration from a country)
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