Ethics Ch 5
Terms in this set (7)
what are the 2 types of ethical egoism
act-egoism and rule-egoism
_______ says that to determine right action, you must apply the egoistic principle to individual acts;
Act A is preferable to Act B because it promotes your self interest better
_________ says that to determine right action, you must see if an act falls under a rule that if consistently followed would maximize your self-interest;
Act A is preferable to Act B because it falls under a rule that maximizes your self-interest better than any other relevant rule applying to Act B
__________ is the view that the motive for all our actions is self-interest
What is Bentham's principle of utility?
that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question
What is Mill's greatest happiness principle?
the principle that holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness
What is Bentham's hedonic calculus?
Determining the right thing to do in a mathematical/quantifiable way. It is based on present or future pleasure VERSUS present or future pain. In his calculus, good and evil are matters of quantification.