Terms in this set (72)
treatments used in addition to conventional health care regimens recommended by a person's health care provider
often include the same interventions as complementary therapies, but frequently become the primary treatment modality that replaces allopathic medicine
another term for conventional, or Western, medical practices and systems of health care
addresses and treats the mind-body-spirit of the patient
An alternative therapy that uses herbs to provide health benefits.
products of the medical drug industry
channels of energy
Method of stimulating certain points on the body by the insertion of special needles to modify the perception of pain, normalize physiological functions or treat/prevent disease
Nontraditional therapy that includes manipulation of the musculoskeletal system.
entails the use of gentle pressure at similar points on the body
massage performed by trained professionals to manipulate the soft tissues of the body and assist with healing
The therapeutic use of plant aromas and essential oils for beauty and health treatment purposes.
Based on the use of reflex points located throughout the hands, feet, and head that are linked to other parts of the body
The state of generalized decreased cognitive, physiologic, or behavioral arousal.
the ability to identify, differentiate, maintain attention on, and return attention to simple stimuli for an extended period
the ability to stop unnecessary goal-directed and analytic activity
the ability to tolerate and accept experiences that are sometimes uncertain, unfamiliar, or paradoxic
A system of mind-body connection
Martial arts practice that emphasizes relaxing the body and focusing the mind
Non invasive method that an individual can employ to learn control of the body to manage certain conditions
A stimulation of the sensory nerve endings that is harmful, injurious or detrimental to physical health
Felt at a site other than the injured or diseased organ or part of the body
intense and of short duration, usually lasting less than 6 months
Generally characterized as pain lasting longer than 6 months
The actions of two or more substances or organs achieve an effect that can not be achieved by an individual substance or organ
Proposed by Melzack, suggests that pain impulses are regulated and even blocked by hating mechanisms located along the CNS
Potent polypeptides composed of many amino acids, found in the pituitary gland and other areas of the CNS
Pocket sized battery operated device, that provides a continuous mild, electric current to the skin via electrodes that are attached to a stimulator by flexible wires
Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA)
allows patients to self-administer analgesics whenever needed
visual analog scale
the patient marks a spot on a horizontal line to indicate pain intensity
What is an example of complementary therapy
A nurse caring for a patient recovering from a hip replacement and provides education regarding exceeded in physical therapy
What is another name for traditional medicine
An older adult patient tells his home health nurse "my doctor hasn't helped my arthritis at all, i am using a chiropractor now" what is the patient doing?
Changing from allopathic medicine to alternative therapy
What is the NCCAM responsible for?
Evaluating the effectiveness of alternative medical treatments, distributing info to the public and coordinating and conducting research
What does Valerian herb do?
Produces CNS depression and shouldn't be used in addition to barbiturate medication to prevent an overdose
If a patient takes tincture of Rosemary, what should they be instructed to do?
Wear sun screen to avoid photosensitivity
What can Asian ginseng enhance?
Anticoagulants & should not be taken together
What is important for the nurse to ask about when obtaining a health history?
The patients use of alternative therapies because they have unfortunate interactions with traditional therapies
Sold as food or food supplements
Allowed to be sold as diet supplements
What is the goal of herbal therapy
To restore balance within the individual by facilitating the persons self healing capacity
How are tinctures made
Placing herbs in alcohol or vinegar until the liquid absorbs the properties of the herb. The liquid then is strained and used
A patient admitted with lower back pain is not sure that the prescribed treatment is helping and asks what alternative therapies might help, the nurse may suggest what?
herbal remedies vary from pharmaceutical remedies in the following ways
Use the whole plant, have no quality control , no standard dose and are sold as food supplements
What is acupuncture?
A complementary therapy that places fine needles in acupoints, it is believed that the purpose is to open meridians to release qi
Contraindicated for phlebitis or thrombosis and infectious skin diseases
A patient wants to use aromatherapy to test pneumonia, but the hospital policy will not allow burning of eucalyptus scented candles. An alternative the nurse could suggest is?
A topical eucalyptus product
Is it true that it is thought the entire body can be treated by applying pressure to specific areas on the feet ?
Thought to increase circulation to the affected area and to promote healing as well as stimulate acupuncture points
Uses the conscious mind to create mental image to evoke physical changes in the body, improve perceived well-being and enhance self awareness
What's an example of a synergistic relationship to pain
What is subjective data from the patient ?
Site, severity, and duration of pain
What is an example of referred pain?
A patient reports pain in the left arm secondary to coronary insufficiency
Why does a patient feel little pain when a limb is initially broken?
Because endorphins can have an effect on the patients perspective of pain
Along with pulse, temperature , blood pressure and respiration's-would ensure pain is monitored on a regular basis
Making pain a 5th vital sign
What is the maximum pain level in which a patient can usually function effectively?
A 4 out of 10
What should a nurse administer after a pain assessment ?
What is the drug of choice in LTC for pain management ?
At what percentage will one become addicted to opioids?
Less than 1%
What is a common side effect of opioid narcotics ?
What should be closely monitored when a patient is receiving epidural
What should you do if therapy is ineffective at first?
Encourage the patient to try it again before abandoning it
What is the best statement for a nurse to make when a patient complains of pain?
I believe you are in pain
What should you do to move a patient up in bed?
Lift , not pull
Why should patients be administered diuretics in the early morning?
To prevent interruptions during sleep to use the bathroom
Dimming lights;decreasing noise level
The nurse is assessing pain reported by a Latino male, what is important for the nurse to take into consideration when observing objective data?
Latino men feel it is unmanly to admit to pain
To share assessment findings and pain relief interventions, which documentation sample is the most helpful?
1600: patient reports sharp pain in left chest radiating into the neck. Morphine sulfate 5mg administered IM in right deltoid
An American Indian patient requests that an egg yolk be placed in a saucer and put under his bed to absorb pain. What should the nurse do?
Place the egg in a saucer under the bed
A male patient reports to the home health nurse he does not feel rested although he has slept 8 hours. What should the nurse asses ?
Taking anxiolytic medication
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