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Terms in this set (37)
a writing system for expressing numbers (i.e. decimal, binary, tally system)
A new or improved idea, device, or product
A way of representing information using only two options
a binary question
a question that can receive one of two options
Transmission capacity measure by bit rate
Short for "Binary Digit"; the single unit of information in a computer, typically represented as a 0 or 1
(sometimes written bitrate) the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time. e.g. 8 bits/sec.
Time it takes for a bit to travel from its sender to its receiver
A set of rules governing the exchange or transmission of data between devices
simplified representation of something more complex
American Standard Code for Information Interchange; the universally recognized raw text format that any computer can understand
mall chunks of information that have been carefully formed from larger chunks of information.
(Internet Protocol) A number assigned to any computer, mobile phone or device connected to the Internet
Domain Name Server - a computer that translates web addresses (or URLs) like youtube.com to IP addresses.
Uniform Resource Locator - An easy-to-remember address like facebook.com or code.org is called a URL.
a type of computer that directs data across the network
having multiple backups to ensure reliability during cases of high usage or failure
Hypertext Transfer Protocol - the protocol used for GETTING webpages and POSTING information over the internet
Transmission Control Protocol - provides reliable, ordered, and error-checked delivery of a stream of packets on the internet.
Internet Engineering Task Force - develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards and protocols, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).
A group of computers and servers that are connected to each other.
Internet Service Provider. A company who provides internet to homes and businesses in a particular region.
the principle that all Internet traffic should be treated equally by Internet Service Providers.
Hypertext Markup Language. Programming language of all web pages.
a link on a webpage when clicked goes to another webpage
the size of a single character
1 million bytes
1 billion bytes
1 trillion bytes
reducing the size of a file for quicker transmission over the Internet
a data compression that allows the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data.\
(or irreversible compression) a data compression method that uses approximations, throwing away data to represent content.
data that describes other data. For example, a digital image may include metadata to describe the size of the image.
short for "picture element," the fundamental unit of a digital image, a single point of color of a larger image
the RGB color model uses different intensities of (R)ed, (G)reen and (B)lue light added together to create a wide number of colors.
a base-16 number system that uses sixteen distinct symbols 0-9 and A-F to represent numbers from 0 to 15.
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