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the western crossroads review sheet for quest

Section 1war in the west
the Bureau of Indian Affairs

BIA was the government agency responsible for managing American Indians issues

john M. Chivington

a colonel of the army that attacked Black Kettle's and his people killing everyone of them he declared" it is right and honorable right and honorable to use any means under God's hevan

Sand Creek Massacre

700 colorado volunteers= John M. Chivington's men attacked after Black Kettle got tired of fighting and raised an American flag Chivington attacked his people killing 200 mostly children and women Chivington defended his action saying it is right and honorable to use any means under God's heaven to kill Indians"

Black Kettle

Cheyenne chief who raised US flag seeking mercy

Sitting Bull

Lakota Sioux also called Tatanka Iyotake emerged as an important leader of the Sioux resistance at age 14 fought

George Armstrong Custer

the general fighting against Sitting Bull and the Iyotake Sioux he and all of his men were killed in the battle of little bighorn

Battle of Little Bighorn

between Sitting Bull and George Custer everyone of Custers men including himself died last battle victory by the Sioux

Ghost Dance

spiritual gathering of remembering ancestors Sitting Bull joined that spiritual unit--> was killed

Massacre at Wounded Knee

500 mounted americans surrounded the Sioux lead by sitting bull made them surrender their weapons soldiers began searching tents then broke out US used machine guns to massacre the native americans

Chief Joseph

leader of the Nezperce- native american tribe settlers moved on to their reservation so they attempted to flee to Canada when they were captured and surrendered

section 2 western farmers
homestead act

Homestead Act allowed "any citizen or intended to citizen to select any surveyed land up to 160 acres and to gain title to it after 5 years residence."- inteded to increase non indian settlement

pacific Railway Act

Pacific Railway Act gave lands to railroad companies to make a railway from the east to west

Morrill Act

Morill Act gave 17 million acres from federal land to the states agricultural to eng. Colleges led to 70 colleges
• Land was very popular


a mass exodusc of african americans from the south to Kansas

sod Houses

houses made of compact dirt

U.S. Department of Agriculture

created in 1862 helped US farmers adjust to farming job is to talk to people about what farming techniques work best

Bonanza Farming

farms owned by large companies opperated like factories didn't last very long b/c weather

willa cather

wrote book "my Antonia" "o'pioners

US. Government treatment on Native Americans

remove them from native lands isloate them from white settelers and put them on reservations under the power of the US army


are the white settlers


treaties are agreements that both parties make promises to abide by certain conditions

Native Americans way of life

were nomadic hunters and claimed rights to use land but never a particular ownership


designated lands set aside for living and use of Native American tribes

Importance of Land

posibility of land ownership attracted settlers to the great plains and west


ways to transport goods also ways to expand the country


people drawn from other countries from the great plains and west

Farm life

hard work weather was harsh grueling lifestyle

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