chapter 5 history

the western crossroads review sheet for quest
Section 1war in the west
the Bureau of Indian Affairs
BIA was the government agency responsible for managing American Indians issues
john M. Chivington
a colonel of the army that attacked Black Kettle's and his people killing everyone of them he declared" it is right and honorable right and honorable to use any means under God's hevan
Sand Creek Massacre
700 colorado volunteers= John M. Chivington's men attacked after Black Kettle got tired of fighting and raised an American flag Chivington attacked his people killing 200 mostly children and women Chivington defended his action saying it is right and honorable to use any means under God's heaven to kill Indians"
Black Kettle
Cheyenne chief who raised US flag seeking mercy
Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux also called Tatanka Iyotake emerged as an important leader of the Sioux resistance at age 14 fought
George Armstrong Custer
the general fighting against Sitting Bull and the Iyotake Sioux he and all of his men were killed in the battle of little bighorn
Battle of Little Bighorn
between Sitting Bull and George Custer everyone of Custers men including himself died last battle victory by the Sioux
Ghost Dance
spiritual gathering of remembering ancestors Sitting Bull joined that spiritual unit--> was killed
Massacre at Wounded Knee
500 mounted americans surrounded the Sioux lead by sitting bull made them surrender their weapons soldiers began searching tents then broke out US used machine guns to massacre the native americans
Chief Joseph
leader of the Nezperce- native american tribe settlers moved on to their reservation so they attempted to flee to Canada when they were captured and surrendered
section 2 western farmers
homestead act
Homestead Act allowed "any citizen or intended to citizen to select any surveyed land up to 160 acres and to gain title to it after 5 years residence."- inteded to increase non indian settlement
pacific Railway Act
Pacific Railway Act gave lands to railroad companies to make a railway from the east to west
Morrill Act
Morill Act gave 17 million acres from federal land to the states agricultural to eng. Colleges led to 70 colleges
• Land was very popular
a mass exodusc of african americans from the south to Kansas
sod Houses
houses made of compact dirt
U.S. Department of Agriculture
created in 1862 helped US farmers adjust to farming job is to talk to people about what farming techniques work best
Bonanza Farming
farms owned by large companies opperated like factories didn't last very long b/c weather
willa cather
wrote book "my Antonia" "o'pioners
US. Government treatment on Native Americans
remove them from native lands isloate them from white settelers and put them on reservations under the power of the US army
are the white settlers
treaties are agreements that both parties make promises to abide by certain conditions
Native Americans way of life
were nomadic hunters and claimed rights to use land but never a particular ownership
designated lands set aside for living and use of Native American tribes
Importance of Land
posibility of land ownership attracted settlers to the great plains and west
ways to transport goods also ways to expand the country
people drawn from other countries from the great plains and west
Farm life
hard work weather was harsh grueling lifestyle