GRE New Set
Terms in this set (150)
A person who has or affects to have a special appreciation of art and beauty.
1. Diminish or put at rest (fear, suspicion, or worry)
- the report attempted to educate the public and allay fears
2. Relieve or alleviate (pain or hunger)
-some stale figs partly allayed our hunger
Approve formally; sanction. Approbation
1. Express great regret, disappointment, or bitterness over (something) by complaining about it to others
- he bewailed the fact that heart trouble had slowed him down
2. Cry or wail loudly about (something)
To seek favor from by fawning, servile behavior.
=the film deserved the highest commendation
=commendations for their kindness
Mix; blend; mingle
1. Grant or bestow (a title, degree, benefit, or right)
=moves were made to confer an honorary degree on her
2. Have discussions; exchange opinions
=I want to confer with my client before saying anything
1.To cooperate secretly in an illegal or wrongful action; collude: The dealers connived with customs officials to bring in narcotics.
2. To scheme; plot.
3. To feign ignorance of or fail to take measures against a wrong, thus implying tacit encouragement or consent: The guards were suspected of conniving at the prisoner's escape.
Standing out so as to be clearly visible; Attracting notice or attention.
Having the quality of a declamation; pretentiously lofty in style; bombastic.
Declamation: a. Vehement oratory.
b. A speech marked by strong feeling; a tirade.
Decorum. Characterized by propriety in manners, conduct, etc.
1. To feel or express strong disapproval of; condemn.
2. To express sorrow or grief over.
1. Speed in action
=the situation might change, so he should proceed with dispatch
2. The killing of someone or something
=the legendary dispatch of villains by a hero
Difference of opinion; disagreement.
=he expressed his dissent in a contrary opinion
=The government's oppressive policies led to such dissidence that they were ousted in the next election.
1. A person who opposes official policy, esp. that of an authoritarian state
= a dissident who had been jailed by a military regime
2. In opposition to official policy
=there is only one explicitly dissident voice to be heard
Dissemble. Conceal or disguise (one's thoughts, feelings, or character)
= a country gentleman who dissimulates his wealth beneath ragged pullovers
=Distracted or absent-minded
=he seemed oddly distrait
deprive of possessions from someone. deprive of status or authority
=he was divested of his rights and his title
reduce or dispose of; cease to hold (an investment);
=the board of trustees divested $20 million in real estate property
A comic verse of irregular measure. Doggerel is a derogatory term for verse considered of little literary value. The word probably derived from dog, suggesting either ugliness, or unpalatability (as in food fit only for dogs)
Brave and persistent.
=a doughty fighter
Unfashionable and without style in appearance
1. Something regarded as worthless; rubbish
=there are bargains if you have the patience to sift through the dross
=it was a pretty dross game of football
1. Depleted of vitality, force, or effectiveness; exhausted
=the final, effete period of the baroque style.
2. Marked by self-indulgence, triviality, or decadence
=an effete group of self-professed intellectuals.
=effete New York intellectuals
3. Overrefined. effeminate (Having or showing characteristics regarded as typical of a woman; unmanly)
Insolent and shameless audacity; rudeness; boldness.
=negative advance buzz fired at (Tom Cruise) for the effrontery of playing a half-blind, one-armed Nazi hero.
She was affronted by his effrontery.
Effront: To give assurance to.
Expressing feelings of gratitude, pleasure, or approval in an unrestrained or heartfelt manner
=an effusive welcome
=effusive in his praise for the actions of the Bush administration
A magical or medicinal potion; supposedly able to prolong life indefinitely
Of, relating to, or characteristic of heaven or paradise
the study of insects
Study of knowledge
1. Giving their name to something
=the eponymous hero of the novel
2. (of a thing) Named after a particular person
=Roseanne's eponymous hit TV series
Not varying or fluctuating greatly
=an equable climate
Not easily irritated
=an equable temper
Mental calmness, composure, and evenness of temper, esp. in a difficult situation
=she accepted both the good and the bad with equanimity
Erring or straying from the proper course or standards
=he could never forgive his daughter's errant ways
The quality of having or showing great knowledge or learning; scholarship
=he writes with great erudition
Attempt or try
=essay a smile
Study of causation, the cause of a disease
The origin of a word and the historical development of its meaning.
The science of improving a human population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics.
1. Demand and obtain (something, esp. a payment) from someone (exhort)
=tributes exacted from the Slavic peoples
=William's advisers exacted an oath of obedience from the clergy
2. Inflict (revenge) on someone
=a frustrated woman bent on exacting a cruel revenge for his rejection
Making great demands on one's skill, attention, or other resources
=living up to such "exacting standards"
1. Hold (someone or something) in very high regard; think or speak very highly of
2. raise in rank, character, or status
=exalted the humble shoemaker to the rank of King's adviser
Show or declare that (someone) is not guilty of wrongdoing
=the article exculpated the mayor
-Acquit, Absolve, Exonerate,
Extremely bad or unpleasant
=execrable cheap wine
1. relating to or dealing with existence (especially with moment by moment human existence)
-philosophical movement emphasizing the uniqueness of each human existence in freely making its self-defining choices
1. Living outside their native country. Expat
2. Expelled from one's native country
1. Analyze and develop (an idea or principle) in detail
= attempting to explicate the relationship between crime and economic forces
2. Analyze (a literary work) in order to reveal its meaning. Make something clear.
Intended to explain or describe something. Writing that requires students to explain, interpret, or describe something.
=formal expository prose
=teach them how to do expository messages and how to preach through the Bible
still in existence; surviving
=the original manuscript is no longer extant
Root out and destroy completely.
=The use of every legal measure to extirpate this horrible evil from the land
An employee who does all kinds of work; a servant employed to do a variety of jobs
= he was employed as the general factotum
= long fallow periods when nothing seems to happen.
2. cultivated land that is not seeded for one or more growing seasons
3. undeveloped but potentially useful; "a fallow gold market"
1. marked by good fortune
=a felicitous life
2. Well chosen or suited to the circumstances
=a felicitous phrase
Ferine. 1. In a wild state, esp. after escape from captivity or domestication
=a feral cat
2. Resembling a wild animal
=a feral snarl
1. A formal authorization or proposition; a decree. 2. An arbitrary order.
Act in an obstructive manner in a legislature, esp. by speaking at inordinate length
=several measures were killed by Republican filibustering
Flagging. Become tired, weaker, or less enthusiastic
=If you begin to flag, there is an excellent café to revive you
1. Having a red or flushed complexion
= a stout man with a florid face
2. Elaborately or excessively intricate or complicated
= florid operatic-style music was out
1. Grow or develop in a healthy or vigorous way, esp. as the result of a particularly favorable environment
=wild plants flourish on the banks of the lake
2. Wave (something) around to attract the attention of others
="Happy New Year!" he yelled, flourishing a bottle of whiskey
3. An instance of suddenly performing or developing in an impressively successful way
=the Bulldogs produced a late second-half flourish
4. A bold or extravagant gesture or action, made esp. to attract the attention of others
=with a flourish, she ushered them inside
1. Openly disregard (a rule, law or convention)
= these same companies still flout basic ethical practices
2. Mock; scoff
= the women pointed and flouted at her
`. Assertive of authority in an annoyingly domineering way, esp. with regard to petty or trivial matters
=a policeman came to move them on, an officious, spiteful man
2. Intrusively enthusiastic in offering help or advice; interfering
=an officious bystander .
1. Divert or modify (an instinctual impulse) into a culturally higher or socially more acceptable activity
= he sublimates his hurt and anger into humor
=these guys will sublimate sex into violence and violence into sex
2. transition of a substance from the solid phase to the gas phase without undergoing intermediate liquification.
1. Provide evidence to support or prove the truth of
=they had found nothing to substantiate the allegations
1. Having a firm basis in reality and therefore important, meaningful, or considerable
=there is no substantive evidence for the efficacy of these drugs
2. Having a separate and independent existence.
1. Include or absorb (something) in something else
=most of these phenomena can be subsumed under two broad categories
-Deceit used in order to achieve one's goal
-something intended to misrepresent the true nature of an activity
=he wasn't sick--it was just a subterfuge
-Subvert: Undermine the power and authority of an establishment. Corrupt, sabotage.
-Treason: disloyalty by virtue of subversive behavior
=an attempt to subvert democratic government
=thwart the subversive maneuvers of those who engage in crimes
Subversively, Subversion, subverts, subversivenes
to subvert, subverting,
Assistance and support in times of hardship and distress. To give assistance or aid.
=we will never give succor to extremism which would drive people apart.
The right to vote in political elections.
Gradually spread through or over
=her cheeks were suffused with color
=the first half of the poem is suffused with idealism
Various, Diverse; miscellaneous objects too numerous or too small to be specified
=a drugstore selling magazines, newspapers, and sundries
-outdated: old; no longer valid or fashionable
-superannuation - old-age pension: a monthly payment made to someone who is retired from work
Supplant: take the place or move into the position of. Displace in position of another.
=A lot of the [black] athletes thought that winning [Olympic] medals would supersede or protect them from racism.
Facing upward; Lying on its back, reclined; Lethargic; blameworthy indifferent; Passive. The president has had a compliant and supine Congress
=A subpoena is an official order to attend court at a stated time. The most common use of the subpoena is to summon witnesses to court for the purpose of testifying in a trial.
-a subpoena may be issued to compel their attendance
-they were all under subpoena to appear
- Supersede and replace
=another discovery could supplant the original finding
Beseeching; Making or expressing a plea, esp. to someone in power or authority. One who pleads or requests earnestly.
=their faces were suppliant
-Same as Supplicant
One who comes to humbly ask or petition; begging, pleading, supplicating. Term applied to humble petitioners.
=The outdated categorizations of First and Third Worlds, donor and supplicant, leader and led, no longer fit.
An uncertain belief
=they were working on the supposition that his death was murder
=their outrage was based on supposition and hearsay
An excessive amount of something. Satiated. Cause (someone) to desire no more of something as a result of having consumed or done it to excess
=I am surfeited with shopping
Deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises. Deductive reasoning as distinct from induction
=logic is rules or syllogism
Relating to or characteristic of wooded regions. Pleasantly rural or pastoral.
Silent; Implied; Understood or implied without being stated
= your silence may be taken to mean tacit agreement
The saying of the same thing twice in different words, generally considered to be a fault of style
="they arrived one after the other in succession"
=to say that something is `adequate enough' is a tautology"
-Confront (someone) with a fault or wrongdoing. Make a charge against or accuse
=They taxed him failure to appear in court
=why are you taxing me with these preposterous allegations?
The branch of science concerned with classification, esp. of organisms; systematics
An opinion, belief, or principle held to be true by someone or especially an organization
-Very weak or slight
=the tenuous link between interest rates and investment
-Very slender or fine; insubstantial
=a tenuous cloud
=Gonzales' hold on the department gets more tenuous each day
Relating to land or earth. Concerned with the world or worldly matters.
-tellurian: of or relating to or inhabiting the land/earth as opposed to the sea or air
A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god
1. Becoming thin and tattered with age. Poor or shabby in appearance.
=shabby rooms with threadbare carpets
2. banal or clichéd; trite or hackneyed
=he song was a tissue of threadbare clichés
The character or quality of a sound. Distinct from its pitch and intensity.
=A voice high in pitch but rich in timbre.
Damaged or impaired, or made less striking or attractive, as a result of age or much use
=the timeworn faces of the veterans.
Worn or faded from being on display in a store
=shopworn merchandise at half price
A person who behaves obsequiously to someone important
=she imagined him toadying to his rich clients
1. One of the books in a work of several volumes.
2. A book, especially a large or scholarly one.
-Apply torque or a twisting force to (an object)
=he gently torqued the hip joint
- Full of twists and turns
=the route is remote and tortuous
-Excessively lengthy and complex
=a tortuous argument
=a tortuous road up the mountain
Attempt to sell (something), typically by pestering people in an aggressive or bold manner. A person who buys tickets for an event to resell them at a profit; a scalper.
Easy to control or influence. Easy to deal with.
=Easy to control or influence
-Engage in painful or laborious effort
-(of a woman) Be in labor
=I think of everything we went through, the turmoil, the travail - it was all worth it.
A false, absurd, or distorted representation of something. Farce, parody.
=the absurdly lenient sentence is a travesty of justice
=Michael has betrayed the family by travestying them in his plays
-A written work dealing formally and systematically with a subject. A treatise is a formal and systematic written discourse on some subject
=a comprehensive treatise on electricity and magnetism
-Shaking or quivering slightly. Timid and nervous.
=Barbara's voice was tremulous
Turgid. Swollen. Bombastic and Pompous.
-Serving as a protector, guardian, or patron
-custodial: providing protective supervision; watching over or safeguarding
=the tutelary spirits of these regions
-Strange or mysterious, esp. in an unsettling way. preternatural.
=an uncanny feeling that she was being watched
-incapable of being defended, vindicated, justified
=He was in a difficult, untenable position in that whole period
Find fault with (someone); scold. Reproach: express criticism towards.
=Yet I did not upbraid you for it.
-The illegal action or practice of lending money at unreasonably high rates of interest
=Interest at such rates
=a war funded by usury loans
-Having or showing a lack of thought or intelligence; mindless
=a vacuous smile
-Serving as a farewell, farewell address
=a valedictory wave
=valedictory praise for his uniformly manly course
Insipid. Offering nothing that is stimulating or challenging
= tuneful but vapid musical comedies
Variety, esp. marked by variety of colors.
To variegate is make something more diverse and varied.
Boast about or praise (something), esp. excessively. Show-off
=the much vaunted information superhighway
-A blood feud in which the family of a murdered person seeks vengeance on the murderer or the murderer's family.
-A prolonged bitter quarrel with or campaign against someone
=he has accused the British media of pursuing a vendetta against him
Verbosity. Speech or writing that uses too many words or excessively technical expressions.
A sensation of whirling and loss of balance, dizziness: a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
Having or showing a strong or unreasoning desire for revenge
= the criticism was both vindictive and personalized
A person highly skilled or knowledgable in music or another artistic pursuit.
=You are a virtuoso, a genius of world football
Extremely severe or harmful in its effects; Very infectious; Bitterly hostile
=a virulent attack on liberalism
1. countenance: the appearance conveyed by a person's face
= "a stern visage"
=the viscid mucus lining of the intestine
1. the act of operating on living animals (especially in scientific research)
2. Ruthlessly sharp and detailed criticism or analysis
The prevailing fashion or style at a particular time.
1. Decrease in vigor, power, or extent; become weaker
=confidence in the dollar waned
1. Become larger or stronger
2. A fit of anger
=she is in a wax about the delay to the wedding
1. toss, roll, or rise and fall in an uncontrolled way
=The shipwrecked survivors weltered in the sea for hours
2. be immersed in
=welter in work
=to welter in one's own blood
3. general confusion; disorderly mixture;
=there's such a welter of conflicting rules
Having or showing a feeling of vague or regretful longing; full of yearning or longing; sad and thoughtful
=I felt kind of wistful, like is this the last time we're...
elaborately or excessively ornamented
Inclined to a healthy reddish color often associated with outdoor life
extravagant: recklessly wasteful; dissolute, Licentious. Prodigal and lacking morals.
Rakish. Fashionable or wealthy man of dissolute or promiscuous habits. A rake, short for rakehell, is a historic term applied to a man who is habituated to immoral conduct, frequently a heartless womaniser.
person who is habitually messy or careless.
=She was a slothy sloven mess. We called her slothy sloven Sylvia.
A dirty, untidy woman. Sloven, Slutty.
A feeling of intense pleasure or joy. The transporting of believers to heaven at the Second Coming of Christ.
Very Self-evident or unquestionable.
=In a democracy it's axiomatic that the majority will rule
Place where horses are kept; an enclosure (like a fenced in one) that holds horses.
Kept secret, esp. because it would not be approved of
they carried on a surreptitious affair. Furtive.
Inlaid work of blocks of various woods arranged in a geometric pattern, esp. for flooring or furniture. Type of design on the flooring.
join or fuse with solder; "solder these two pipes together"
Noun. Agitation and excitement among a group of people, typically concerning major change and leading to trouble or violence
Germany at this time was in a state of religious ferment.
= if you're one of the many hapless car buyers who've been shafted
Behave in a way that is intended to impress or mislead others
=a masking of fear with macho posturing
Showing dedication and diligence
=he watched himself with the most sedulous care
-That cannot be removed, washed away, or erased
-making marks that cannot easily be removed
Ignorance of or lack of interest in cultures, ideas, or peoples outside one's own experience
=an example of British insularity
Familiar with and at ease in many different countries and cultures.
1. Slow and clumsy because of great weight
2. Dull, laborious, or excessively solemn.
"ponderous prehistoric beasts"; "a ponderous yawn"