13 terms

Ways of the World Chapter 6 --AP World

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Meroe
Capital of a flourishing kingdom in southern Nubia from the fourth century b.c.e. to the fourth century c.e. In this period Nubian culture shows more independence from Egypt and the influence of sub-Saharan Africa.
Axum
A kingdom in Africa close to the Golden Horn that was tribute based in its centralization of authority. It creates a lasting Christian presence in Africa.
Piye
King of Kush around 750 B.C., who gained control of Egypt, becoming pharaoh and uniting Egypt and Kush
Niger Valley Civilizations
Cities without state power; or "cities without citadels." (300 B.C.E.-900 C.E.) Organized around occupational castes: cotton weavers, potters, leather workers, griots (wandering musicians). Feared and revered for their iron workers. Most famous and studied city called Jenne-jeno.
Maya Civilization
Located in Guatemala, had a hierarchal society where the majority of the population were farmers. Among their great accomplishments they built pyramid temples, created many paintings and carvings, and had and accurate calendar. Over time the Mayan population slowly faded away.
Teotihuacan
First major metropolis in Mesoamerica, collapsed around 800 CE. It is most remembered for the gigantic "pyramid of the sun".
Chavin
the first major South American civilization developed in Peru; famous for their style of architecture and drainage systems to protect from floods.
Moche
Civilization of north coast of Peru (200-700 C.E.). An important Andean civilization that built extensive irrigation networks as well as impressive urban centers dominated by brick temples.
Wari and Tiwanaku
The two Andean cities that precede the Incan civilization. Provided a measure of political integration and cultural commonality for the entire Andean region.
Bantu Expansion
Bantu-speaking people who expanded their territory vastly; acquired iron technology and learned to breed livestock and grow grain crops that were better than their previous yams.
Chaco Phenomenon
The most remarkable development of Anasazi's period; refers to the construction of the fourteen "great houses" in Chaco Canyon; The great houses were multi-story stone-and-timber pueblos; the largest was Pueblo Bonito.
Mound Builders
Native American civilizations of the eastern region of North America that created distinctive earthen works that served as elaborate burial places.
Cahokia
A commercial center for regional and long-distance trade in North America. Its hinterlands produced staples for urban consumers. In return, its crafts were exported inland by porters and to North American markets in canoes.