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40 terms

Chapter 13

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rhine river
supreme european river, begins in the alps emptys in the north sea
Europe
stretches from the the Atlantic ovean in the west to the ural mountains in the east, from the artic ocean in the north to the mediterranean sea
Europe
small compared to other countrys
northwest highlands
acient eroded rugged hills and low mountains ireland, england,and scandinavia
central uplands
hills and small plateau's and small mountains
alpine mountain system
europes major mountain range 14000 ft above sea level
northearn european plain
stetches to the atlantic coast to the eural mountains, some of the most fertile farmland in the world
fjords
narrow deep inlets of the sea between high, rocky cliffs, they are along norways coast.
tectonic activity
is occuring today because a subduction zone is located off the coast of southern italy. Greece creates powerful earthquakes and volcanes (alps)
iceland
called the land of fire and ice because their are volcanoes and glaciers side by side
Europe
almost surrounded by water in the south its connected to the black sea by the narrow bosporus. Geographers consider this to be a boundry between europe and asia. The north baltic, and artic ocean also surround europe,north baltic,artic ocean,norm sea,baltic sea,north atlantic ocean
northwest highland,central uplands,alpine mountain system, northern european plain
four major land form regoins
Europe's
interior towns and cities have accesability to the sea through canals anf rivers
rhine, danube
europes most important river. _____ rises in the swiss alps, _______ begins in the uplands of southern germany and empties into the black sea
marine west coast, medditeraian, humid continetal
three major climate types in europe
marine west coast
cloudy mild summers and cool rainy winters, strong ocean influence
medditerainan
dry sunny, warm summers and mild wet winters
humid continetal
distinct seasons, long cold winters and short warm summers.
prevaling westerly winds
carry warm moist air across much of the north western europe which brings mild temperatures and rain
4 major biomes
temperate forest, mediterranean scrub forest, borreal forest, and tundra
temperate forest
temperate climates
mediterranean scrub forest
dry areas
borreal forest
northearn europe
tundra
iceland, adn scandinavia
European plain
best european farming soil
loess
fine-grained wind blown soil that is fetile
Europe
crop fields among the highest in the world because efficent methods and tecnology has made it the highest fertilizers, crop rotation
Eastern Europe
under the control of communist rule after world warII
fishing
important part of the european economy
no place in europe
is more than 300 miles from the sea
Europes
main oil and natural gas deposits lie beneath the north sea
lignite
soft brown coal
polder
land taken back from the sea
to create it the dutch built earthen walls called dikes along the shoreline. the used the drainaged land for farming.
polder
iberian
spain, portugal
italian
italy
balkan
greece
jutland
denmark
scandinavian
norway, sweden
eastern shore of battle
finland