Terms in this set (35)
___ is an appropriate anticoagulant to use for blood transfusions; the solution must prevent clotting of blood while providing a "fuel" source, such as dextrose, to the cells.
___ should never be given to a food producing animal and is banned for such use due to the potential to cause irreversible aplastic anemia in humans.
The only proven effective treatment for treating Tritrichomonas foetus is ___. It has mutagenic properties and should be handled as would a chemotherapeutic agent.
Drugs with ___ solubility (blood/gas solubility coefficients) produce rapid induction and recovery rates
The surgeon wants to clamp the intestine above and below the foreign body. What instrument could be used for this?
Many anticoagulants work by chelating calcium, which is needed for clot formation, but ___ works by potentiating antithrombin which prevents conversion of prothrombin to thrombin in the clotting cascade.
___ is collapse of all or part of a lung. It is a major concern when a patient has a long recovery post-op and is laterally recumbent for an extended period of time.
Slowed heart rate
Propanolol is a Beta-1 and Beta-2 blocker. It blocks the sympathetic nervous system (sympatholytic) which allows for the parasympathetic effects on the heart to dominate. This has what result on the heart?
Causes hepatic coccidiosis in rabbits
The ___ is made up of the iris, choroid, and ciliary body. It is the middle layer of the eye, and it provides most of the blood supply to the retina.
___is often supplemented in the diet to help prevent formation of calcium oxalate bladder stones.
What is the name for the muscle group that includes the rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and vastus intermedius?
Ace-inhibitors like ___ are vasodilators help to relax smooth muscle in the arterioles and veins. They are most commonly used in cases of heart and kidney disease.
Drooling or hypersalivation.
___ is used to treat generalized anxiety or separation anxiety in small animals. It is also approved for obsessive compulsive behaviors in dogs.
The ___ valve is located between the right atrium and right ventricle.
Mitral murmurs are usually heard on the ___ side.
The ___ is the nerve cell projection that conducts the electrical impulses away from the neuronal cell body.
___ is in the products Drontal Plus and Profender that treats tapeworms.
Horses have ___ thoracic vertebrae. Dogs, cats , cows, and sheep have 13.
The ___ reflex tests for superficial pain. A fold of skin is grasped with a small hemostat and pinched just lateral to midline on both sides. A twich of the skin is observed. This helps to determine the caudal margins of normal superficial pain bilaterally.
Johne's disease is an intestinal infection that can lead to clinical signs of diarrhea and weight loss. It affects cattle, sheep, goats, and other species. What is the Genus of the causative agent of Johne's disease?
The minute volume is the volume of air inspired during one minute of respiration. In cats, the typical minute volume is ___ ml/kg/min
Phenylpropanolamine is used to treat urinary incontinence in dogs. It can commonly cause which side effect that should be discussed with the owner?
MacConkey agar contains lactose; when lactose-fermenting organisms are grown, they produce acid from lactose that causes them to turn ___. Bacteria that do not ferment lactose are typically clear colonies.
How many 3-rooted permanent maxillary teeth are in the mouth of a dog?
Severe azotemia causes generalized acidity in the body. This acidity makes animals with ___ susceptible to development of ulcers in the gastrointestinal tract, including the mouth. This is an important reason why animals with azotemia are often on acid-blockers (such as famotidine).
Whole blood units may be stored for ___ days if the unit is collected aseptically, stored appropriately and mixed daily.
Erythropoetin (EPO) is a hormone produced by the ___. Is it a cytokine for red blood cell precursors in the bone marrow. This is why animals in ___ failure become anemic.
___ is a chemotherapy drug that is contraindicated for use in cat. It "splats" cats.
This species does not have a gallbladder.
Oxidative damage to RBCs can cause ___.
This medication is associated with esophogeal strictures in cats, so a liquid preparation is preferred.
The tidal volume in a dog is __ml/kg