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Psy 1000 Personality Exam
Terms in this set (36)
Who you are and what defines you; a consistent pattern of behaviors that define us.
a random act that is not normal for a particular individual; not how we define a person's personality
ex: burst of rage
best predictor of the future
one's past behaviors
when does one's personality first start/ develop
when you are born and become conscious of your surroundings
behaviorists say that it begins when you start to respond to reinforcements
idea created by John Watson; states that you are a blank slate when you are born
when do personality disorders begin to develop
once your personality begins to develop, your disorder continues to increase until it becomes pathological and a perversion of normal personality by either being a deficient or an excess.
characteristics of a personality disorder
1. either a deficit or excess of a characteristics of a healthy personality
2. any form of inappropriateness: socially, sexually, the way they dress, too loud or quiet
3. inflexibility- succumbing to ways that are self defeating, counterproductive, problem focused (looks at the problem and solves it), emotion focused (the person doesn't want to feel the emotions that they are feeling so they try to avoid it)
characteristics of cluster A personality disorders
odd, weird and eccentric
gross indifference in what people have to say or do.
ex: expressionless reactions, doesn't return gestures or greetings, harbors no hostility, not mean, not responsive, have very few friends because they do not like to associate or deal with people and has little interest in personal and sexual relations.
the pinnacle of odd and eccentric; people are off in left field, usually posses magical beliefs, senses the presence of dead people; the way they dress looks unkempt/ mismatched/ unusual; difficult to follow in conversation because they ramble and make up words; has trouble initiating and sustaining friendships due to the fact that they are paranoid that people are talking badly about them
Robert Dinero movie
paranoid personality disorder
mean spirited and argumentative; paranoid over any mundane thing; perceives everything to be an insult; standoffish; never forgives; has delusions of reference.
delusions of reference
when an individual thinks that everything concerns them; accuses friends, family and loved ones of being disloyal to them; sees malevolent design in everything
characteristics of cluster b personality disorder
dramatic and intense
person who has lower self-esteem and tries to compensate for it by inflated self-opinion about their selves without any facts or support; needs to be the center of attention; they are manipulative; superficial in conversation and gestures; feels like no one understands them because they are so "evolved"; similar to adolescence and histrionics; self-absorbed, sexually inappropriate; there are levels of severity of narcissism
everything is EXAGGERATED; very sexually inappropriate; over the top/ theatrical; insists that people listen to them; not as insincere and shallow as a narcissist but still superficial.
border line personality disorder
ex: the movie "Fatal Attraction"
massive instability with relationships; very deceptive; they will idolize you until you reject them and will despise you and seek their revenge against you/ make trouble; this disorder is often experienced with gender identity issues (pathological); sometimes possesses suicidal thoughts and engage in suicidal activities and are often hospitalized.
anti-social personality disorder
possesses no remorse or regrets because it is just business for them/ soul-less; they are without guilt and conscious. Every serial killer has been an anti-social personality disorder, but the converse is not always here. Can be an advantage in a competitive setting
childhood history indicators- fighting, cruelty to animals and people, sexually inappropriate, use of weapons and aggression
characteristics of cluster c personality disorders
avoidant personality disorder
avoiding something; the feeling of being an imposter and that you don't belong; lacks essential self-esteem aspects; feels like a fraud and fears the evaluation of others; likes people, but doesn't go to parties and doesn't accept promotions; avoids social situations in order to prevent outside judgment
neurotic in most ways; must have their own way in rules, sequences, life; they are argumentative and disrupts family life
Freud- says that they try to control their surroundings, but can't control what they want to do in their life
dependent personality disorder
most benign; relies on others to make their decisions for them; fears abandonment; tolerates abuse for long period of time; can't say no to someone (will volunteer to do something even if they don't want to do it, just because someone asked them to do it). use to be called self-defeating syndrome until feminist said that the title is blaming the victim.
passive aggressive disorder
no longer in cluster c; purposely messes things up so people won't ask for their help
everything; if it burns up energy, it constitutes as stress
good stress; kind of stress that you wouldn't think is stress
ex: busy day at the job but you enjoy your job
Holmes-Rahe stress scale
consists of a list of stressors
ex: marriage (top stressor)
death of a spouse
failing a test
when is stress bad for you and how is it bad?
stress can indirectly and directly kill you; it is made by an hormone called cortisol and the longer stay aroused, the worse it is for your health (immune system)
sources of stress
pollution (noise pollution)
normal relationship issues
elicit substances such as alcohol or drugs
news media content
what are stress mediated illnesses
all diseases that effect the immune system
% deaths per year due to behavioral choice
originated in India ~ 30,500 years ago; holistic (concerned with every aspect of your being); based on Hindu and Persian practices. Begins by purging your toxins in your body by herbs, laxatives, massages and induced vomiting for 7-10 days, then meditation/ yoga
Requirements to practice: 7 years of training, take an exam, must be a vegetarian, practice honesty, love and chastity.
uses herbal medicines, massages and acupuncture (pathways of the energy that flow through the body; also uses astrology, Tai Chi, Qigong (breathing) and martial arts
Native American healing
~ 30,000 - 60,000 years ago; importance in geographical locations, items and totems; uses herbs; a lot of rituals/ ceremonies, family oriented; uses sweat lodges to purge toxins
idea that we are connected to a supreme being; believe that if the connection between you and the supreme being isn't healthy, you won't be healthy and vice versa
new age healing
Wiccan; connections to Stonehenge and Atlantis (people believe that these places were visited by aliens); belief in cults and magic
Japanese; getting back to practical reality. starts with total isolation, then slowly incorporates personal relationships again
Japanese; based on three questions in isolation concerning other people:
1. what I have I gotten
2. what have I given to that person
3. how have I been a source of trouble to that person
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Personality Ch. 13 - Psychological Science
PSYC 100: Chapter 13
Theories of Personality Exam 2
psychological science chp. 13
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