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Terms in this set (56)
longitudinal/ central plan
Two different plans of Church Building. The Longitudinal plan is based off of Roman Basilicas, and is usually symmetrical down the Nave. Meanwhile, the Central plan is often designed around a base shape; a circle, an octagon, etc. They have nucleus' and rings surrounding the center. Oftentimes, these two plans see semi-combination in elements.
The dome atop a dome/cross vault-like thing. This architectural element is used extensively in the Hagia Sophia of turkey.
the entrance/lobby area of the church.
In the case of Basilicas and churches, The atrium is an open colonnaded area in front of the actual building.
An area set crosswise to the nave. Usually gravitates more toward the apse end.
nave and aisle
the nave is the central walkway of a longitudinal plan building. It is flanked by two smaller aisles. These two areas are usually separated by separate vaults and columns.
a place for walking, esp. an aisle around the apse or a cloister in a church or monastery.
The section of the Christian church in which the singers/choir sit. Usually more toward the curved end of the nave.
Roman pipeline; brought gallons of water from high mountains to the cities.
A form of government that took over during the later period of the Roman empire; During the 4th century, Rome was split up between four lords that each controlled a quarter of the empire's land. This period followed the terrible internal strife that had taken place between fierce militaristic competitors for the title of emperor.
"gable of glorification"
an arch that was made by Romans in order to commemorate a great real-life happening that involved their emperor's command,
Architecture that uses a lot of archs and vaults in its design. Became much more popular with the advent of big bathhouse designs.
An indent in the face of a cieling/dome that empties some space, therefore making the roof lighter.
An opening in the top of a dome that lets light in.
Frigidarium = The cold room of a roman Thermae
Caldarium = The hot bath room of a roman Thermae
Palaestra = The gym area of a roman Thermae.
A roman writer and architect. He was an influential man who made many roman technologies, such as internal heating and dome techniques
The ancient roman name for a public bath house.
A long building used to hold public meetings in Roman society. Was later adapted to be Christian church designs.
A theater is a half-circle structure, built by the Greeks, to put on drama and comedies. Usually could be built into a hillside. The Amphitheater is two theaters practically put face to face. Were only built by the Romans, because no hills could facilitate an Amphitheater properly.
All parts of a roman Theatre
Orchestra - The performance area
Auditorium - Where the people sit to watch a show.
Skene - The building behind the Orchestra, which serves primarily as a scenery backdrop.
In this situation, Corbels are stones that distinctly jut out beyond the previous stone. Corbelling is when you use Corbels to create a sort of primitive archway.
A roman military outpost; the starting point for most Roman colonies.
The two terms that determine the roads running through a Hippodamian plan city; Decumanus runs east-west, while the Cardo runs north-south.
The central chamber of a Greek temple. Usually where the patron god's statue was kept.
Two sets of columns; 1st set of columns go all around the cella, the 2nd, closer set is Dipteral, covering only the end of the cella.
Equivalent to Prostyle; columns only on one side of the cella.
Equivalent to Peristyle; Columns on all four sides of the Cella.
Prostyle only has columns on the front side of the cella instead of all around it. Was first found in Etruscan temples.
the posts or pillars on either side of a doorway or entrance
An offering to the gods.
fairly simple dress for female citizens. This one seems to be the only piece of clothing assigned to a certain gender.
The roman house/apartment complex in which the plebeian folk lived.
Peristyle is where there is a cella with columns all about the edge. They are either single layered, or double-layered columns, with 2 columns between the outside and the cella.
vaulting/ barrel vault/cross-vault
The process of creating arched shapes supported on columns; the vault is a very strong structure. The barrel vault can best be thought of as an extended archway, whereas the cross/groin vault is an interesting vault design that has archway openings at all ends. An ideal figure for clerestory lighting.
The process of adding an extra layer to a building for purely decorative purposes. Setting colored panels into the wall
A key material in roman concrete. Pozzolona is volcanic ash, and reacts with water in a way that makes the paste that starts the creation of proper concrete.
Roman concrete is made from various components, such as limestone, pozzolana, and chunks of favored stone. It's a mighty creation that enabled the Romans to make very strong buildings.
tufa/ travertine/ marble
Tufa is a lightweight volcanic rock, important in making concrete. Tavertine is a sedimentary rock that was also used in concrete, and was mainly involved in creating the Coliseum of Rome. Marble is pretty dang obvious, but also has some use in concrete.
A mosaic is a flat-art medium in which small stones, or tesserae, are laid down into the wall/ground.
A landscape that shows an ideal countryside.
illusionism/ Tromp l'oeil
painting 2D images are made to look 3D/ "trick of the eye"
pompeian painting styles
1st style focused on the recreation of architectural elements; bricks, marble, entablature, etc.
2nd style focused on creating space with painting; illusionary space! Painted realistic scenes of happenings and locations on the walls.
3rd style went for an abstract style; impossibly thin columns and lines, which held various objects, such as trees, birds, plants, and such.
the 4th style can be considered a fusion of the previous 3 styles; some architectural features, some realistic scenes, and some fantastic abstractness.
a form of realism rather than legendary or heroic
an ordinary citizen in the ancient Roman republic
In ancient Rome, a member of the privileged upper class.
Hard-baked clay, used for sculpture and as a building material. It may be glazed or painted.
painting on walls
Two prime Etruscan stronghold locations.
"Father of History"; Greek Historian
A female figure that functions as a supporting column
a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof
the carved or painted rectangular panel between the triglyphs of a doric frieze
an element of the Doric frieze separating two consecutive metopes and divided into three sections
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