33 terms

AP Human Geo - Unit 1: Thinking Geographically

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Geography
Study of the earth.
Place
A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular characteristic.
Region
An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features.
Scale
Generally, the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole, specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface.
Space
The physical gap or interval between two objects.
Connection
The relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
Map
A two-dimensional, or flat, representation of Earth's surface or a portion of it.
Cartography
The science of making maps.
GPS (global positioning system)
A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.
GIS (geographic information system)
A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data. Capable of overlays that yield geographic patterns and relationships.
Remote Sensing
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Mashup
A map that overlays data from one source on top of a map provided by a mapping service.
Location
The position of anything on Earth's surface.
Toponym
The name given to a portion of Earth's surface.
Site
The physical character of a place.
Situation
The location of a place relative to another place.
Globalization
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
Hierarchical Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
Expansion Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in an additive process.
Contagion Diffusion
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
Distribution
The arrangement of something across Earth's surface.
Diffusion
The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
Uneven Development
The increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy.
Assimilation
The process which a group's cultural features are altered to resemble those of another more dominant group.
Acculturation
The process of changes in culture that result from the meeting of two groups, each of which retains distinct culture features.
Syncretism
The combining of elements of two groups into a new cultural feature.
Hearth
The region from which innovative ideas originate.
Relocation Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
Concentration
The spread of something over a given area.
Pattern
The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a particular area.
Network
A chain of communication that connects places.
Distance Decay
the diminished importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Space-Time Compression
The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems.
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