Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
AP Human Geography Key Vocabulary for Chapter 2 Population
Terms in this set (34)
Age Distribution/Population Pyramid
one back-to-back bar graph, showing the number of males and showing females in a particular population in five-year age groups
Age Distribution/Population Pyramid
one back-to-back bar graph, showing the number of males and showing females in a particular population in five-year age groups.
the number of males per hundred females in the population
The number of people who are too you or too old to work compared to the number of people in their productive years. (>65 + <15 / 15-65)
The tendency for growing population to continue growing after a fertility decline because of their young age distribution.
Aging Population/Graying Population
When the mean age increases due to lower CBR. It is especially true in Europe and Asia.
This is the population level that can be supported, given the quantity of food, habitat, water and other life infrastructure present.
When the number of people in an area, is more than the area can support.
One of the first to argue that the worlds rate of population increase was far outrunning the development of food population
The projected population growth is exponential with no restrictions
The projected population growth levels off with restrictions and changes.
Theory that builds upon Malthus' thoughts on overpopulation. Takes into count two factors: population growth in LDC's, and outstripping of resources other than food.
The formula that calculates population change. Births minus deaths plus (or minus) net migration = population change
Demographic Transition model
Countries go through 4-5 stages of development that influence their population. Stage 1 is low growth, Stage 2 is High Growth, Stage 3 is Moderate Growth, and Stage 4 is Low Growth and Stage 5 is not officially a stage but it is a possible stage that includes zero or negative population group. Based on European history.
Epidemiological transition model
This is a cause of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase. (70 / Growth Rate = Doubling time)
The proportion of earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
Infant mortality rate
(IMR) The annual number of deaths of infants under one year of age, compared with total live births. Expressed as number of deaths among infants per 1000 birth.
Natality/Crude Birth Rate
(CBR) the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; it is expressed as number of birth in year to every 1000 people alive in the society.
Crude Death Rate
(CDR) the ratio of deaths in an area compared to the population per 1000.
Rate of natural increase
(NIR or RNI) the percentage by which a population grows in a year. CBR-CDR = NIR (Excludes migration)
Total Fertility Rate
(TFR) The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
the arrangement of a feature in space. The three main properties are density, concentration, and pattern
the frequency with which something occurs in space.
Total number of people divided by total land area. Total number of objects in an area. Used to compare distribution of population in different countries.
Total number of people divided by unit of arable land. Number of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture. Could mean a country has difficulty growing enough food.
Total number of farmers divided by unit of arable land. The number of farmers per unit of area of farmland. May mean a country has inefficient agriculture.
a sudden increase or burst in the population in either a certain geographical area.
government policies to encourage women to have more children.
government policies to limit or discourage women from having more children.
Standard of living
refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way they are distributed within a population.
Relates to development that meets today's needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
it is the opposite of overpopulation and refers to a sharp drop or decrease in a region's population
Zero population growth
when the crude birth rate equals the crude death rate and the natural increase rate approaches zero.
Sets found in the same folder
APHG Key Vocabulary for chapter 1: Nature and Pers…
AP Human Geography Key Vocabulary for Chapter 3 Mi…
AP Human Geography Key Vocabulary for Chapter 4: C…
AP Human Geography Key Vocabulary for Chapter 5: L…
Sets with similar terms
AP Human Geography Unit 2 Study Guide
AP Human Geography: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
APHG KBAT Chapter 2
AP Human geography chap. 2 Vocab
Other sets by this creator
Anatomy respiratory system
English Act 2 and 3 vocab
English Act 3 vocab
English Act 2 vocab
Other Quizlet sets
Cross Cultural Perspectives Midterm
Final Chapters 1-4