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31 terms

Health 8th grade - nutrition quiz

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nutrient
a substance in food that the body needs in order to work properly
digestion
the process of breaking down food into a form that the body can use
diet
a pattern of eating that includes what a person eats, how much a person eats, and how often a person eats
nutrition
how organisms use food for energy
macronutrients - examples
carbohydrates, proteins, fats
micronutrients - examples
vitamins, minerals, water
What should most carbohydrates be that we eat?
most should be complex
Two types of fats
monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats
Proteins - how many amino acids
22
What are two types of proteins?
complete and incomplete
What are some foods that have vitamins?
meat, orange juice, and carrots, and many other foods
What are some minerals?
iron, zinc, calcium
What does water help our body do?
helps it get rid of wastes
What is at the bottom of the food pyramid?
complex carbohydrates
What is at the top of the food pyramid?
sweets and fats
How many calories should you eat each day?
2,000-2,500
How many servings of meat should you have each day?
2-3
How many servings of fruit group should you have each day?
2-4
How many servings of vegetable group should you have each day?
3-5
How many servings of dairy group should you have each day?
2-3
calorie
a unit used to measure the amount of energy that the body gets from food
metabolism
the process by which the body converts the energy in food into energy that the body can use
carbohydrate
a chemical composed of one or more simple sugars: includes sugars, starches and fiber
fat
an energy storage nutrient that helps the body store some vitamins
protein
a nutrient that supplies the body with energy for building and repairing tissues and cells
vitamin
an organic compound that controls many body functions and that is needed in small amounts to maintain health and allow growth
mineral
an element that is essential for good health
eating disorder
a disease that involves and unhealthy concern with one's body weight and shape
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder that involves self starvation, and unhealthy body image, and extreme weight loss
bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder in which a person eats a large amount of food and then tries to remove the food from his or her body
binge eating disorder
a disease in which a person cannot control how much he or she eats