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a substance in food that the body needs in order to work properly


the process of breaking down food into a form that the body can use


a pattern of eating that includes what a person eats, how much a person eats, and how often a person eats


how organisms use food for energy

macronutrients - examples

carbohydrates, proteins, fats

micronutrients - examples

vitamins, minerals, water

What should most carbohydrates be that we eat?

most should be complex

Two types of fats

monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats

Proteins - how many amino acids


What are two types of proteins?

complete and incomplete

What are some foods that have vitamins?

meat, orange juice, and carrots, and many other foods

What are some minerals?

iron, zinc, calcium

What does water help our body do?

helps it get rid of wastes

What is at the bottom of the food pyramid?

complex carbohydrates

What is at the top of the food pyramid?

sweets and fats

How many calories should you eat each day?


How many servings of meat should you have each day?


How many servings of fruit group should you have each day?


How many servings of vegetable group should you have each day?


How many servings of dairy group should you have each day?



a unit used to measure the amount of energy that the body gets from food


the process by which the body converts the energy in food into energy that the body can use


a chemical composed of one or more simple sugars: includes sugars, starches and fiber


an energy storage nutrient that helps the body store some vitamins


a nutrient that supplies the body with energy for building and repairing tissues and cells


an organic compound that controls many body functions and that is needed in small amounts to maintain health and allow growth


an element that is essential for good health

eating disorder

a disease that involves and unhealthy concern with one's body weight and shape

anorexia nervosa

an eating disorder that involves self starvation, and unhealthy body image, and extreme weight loss

bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder in which a person eats a large amount of food and then tries to remove the food from his or her body

binge eating disorder

a disease in which a person cannot control how much he or she eats

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