14 terms

Honors World - Unit 3

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Emperor Justinian
Byzantine emperor in the 6th century CE (500s) who reconquered much of the territory previously ruler by Rome. He initiated an ambitious building program, including Hagia Sofia, putting down the Nika Riots, as well as developing a new legal code.
Justinian's Code
An organized collection and explanation of Roman laws for use by the Byzantine empire. Combined Roman laws and Christian beliefs.
Constantinople
A large and wealthy city that was the imperial capital of the Byzantine empire and later the Ottoman empire, now known as Istanbul
Great Schism of 1054
The separation between the Roman Catholic Church (in the West) and the Eastern Orthodox Church in the Byzatine Empire and Russia over the use of icons.
Hagia Sophia
the Cathedral of Holy Wisdom in Constantinople, built by order of the Byzantine emperor Justinian
Kievan Rus
A monarchy established in present day Russia in the 6th and 7th centuries. It was ruled through loosely organized alliances with regional aristocrats from. The Scandinavians coined the term "Russia". It was greatly influenced by Byzantine
Muhammad
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
Sunni
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad; any good Muslim can lead the community; majority of Muslims
Shia
the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad; a minority of Muslims
Five Pillars of Islam
true Muslims were expected to follow (principle of Salvation): belief in Allah, pray 5 times a day, giving of alms, fasting during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca once in a lifetime
Quran
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
Caliph
successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims
Caliphate
Islamic empire ruled by those believed to be the successors to the Prophet Muhammad.
Mansa Musa
Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa and possibly one of the richest men who ever lived. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.