Nealk AP VA UNit 2 add on
Terms in this set (19)
The Confederation Congress
acted as the body of government from 1781 until the Constitution was written in 1787. Passed both the Land Ordinance of 1785 and Northwest Ordinance of 1787.
was a very renowned and successful lawyer around this time. He was a Scottish man that called for a thing he called a national convention or impost. This convention would be held in order to alter the Articles of Confederation. He followed in the footsteps of Morris.
Father of the Constitution (Virginia Plan). Introduced, to the 1st congress, what became the Bill of Rights.
Constitutional Convention (Philadelphia - 1787)
(everywhere but from Rhode Island) The convention was originally intended to revise the Articles of Confederation but eventually led to the development of the Constitution and a new entire form of government.
William Patterson/New Jersey Plan
was a plan composed by Patterson in reaction to the Virginia plan. This plan said that Government should remain the same with no changes (eg unicameral). It was rejected in favor of the Virginia Plan.
The Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise)
small states received equal representation in the senate while large population states received proportion representation in the House
Separation of power/checks and balances
was the system that was created out of the great compromise as well as the Virginia plan that divided the powers. The system divided the power evenly into levels and groups that were designed to keep check on each of the others ((eg presidential veto of congress).
name given to the supporters of the Constitution. Documents written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay that spoke of supporting the Constitution
were a group that was against the Constitution. They feared a repressive central government and wanted explicit protections to civil liberties.Included George Mason, Patrick Henry, and Richard Henry Lee
The Bill of Rights
was the first ten amendments to the Constitution. The bills included such details as freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of assembly and freedom of religion.
Report on Manufactures
was an outlined plan by Alexander Hamilton to stimulate the growth of industry.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created the Northwest Territory (area north of the Ohio River and west of Pennsylvania), established conditions for self-government and statehood, included a Bill of Rights, and permanently prohibited slavery
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes. Caused several of the founders to believe that the central government needed more "energy" or power.
Annapolis Convention (1785)
attempt to amend the Articles of Confederation, failed because of lack of attendance. Led to the calling of the Philadelphia Convention.
Mount Vernon Conference
Successful at solving navigation and trade problems between Virginia and Maryland. Led to the calling of the Annapolis Convention.
Virginia Plan (large state plan)
A plan at the constitutional convention to base representation in the legislature on population.
Necessary and Proper Clause (Elastic Clause)
A clause in Article I, section 8, of the Constitution that gives Congress the power to do whatever it deems necessary and constitutional to meet its enumerated obligations; the basis for the implied powers.
3/5 Compromise (1787)
Determined that each slave would be counted as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of apportioning taxes and representation. The compromise granted disproportionate political power to Southern slave states. Slaves taxed as property. Slave trade could be abolished no earlier than 1808.
Conservative leader who wrote "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania"; advocated for colonial rights but urged conciliation with England & opposed the Declaration of Independence; helped to write the Articles of Confederation.