11 terms

Urban Renewal


Terms in this set (...)

Urban Renewal began with and when?
Housing Act of 1949 and ended in 1973
First Urban Renewal aimed to?
Revitalize urban economies, eliminate substandard housing, reduce segregation
Two main reasons for Urban Renewal?
1. Building acquisition (Helped businesses with the problem of buying plots of land in the city)
2. Land assemblage
Challenges of Urban Building Growth (3)
-Cost of substandard housing on urban land is often more than vacant suburban land
-Urban land is fragmented
-Dozens of land/property owners for developers to deal with
The Housing Act created what, funded how and use what technique? (1949)
-Created Local Public Agencies (LPA)
-Funding from Federal (2/3) and local (1/3)
-Use of Eminent Domain to acquire, clear and prepare sites for developers
Side effects of Urban Renewal (2)
-Eliminate substandard housing vs. reducing supply low-cost housing
-Racial integration vs. gentrification
Social consequences of Urban Renewal (3)
-Neighborhood, relative, friendship connections were lost
-Those displaced could not afford, or wait for new developments to be built
-Many worse of than before...
Some successes of Urban Renewal (3)
1. Lincoln Center (NYC)
2. Baltimore Harbor
3. Stamford, CT (and access to 95)
Community Development for Urban Renewal Act provided what?
1974: This act provided CDBG's (funds) for parks, parking, utilities, water, sewer and malls
What is the importance of housing during urban renewal?
-Single biggest land use
-People concerned about condition of neighborhoods
-Single most expensive possession and greatest expense most people have
What are the threats to affordable housing and an example?
-Tear downs
-Exclusionary zoning
-EX. Tear downs in Arcadia, CA