34 terms

Gov Chap 1 and 3 Test


Terms in this set (...)

Ways to gain power?
Election, force-overthrow, death of leader, invasion
money rules
religion rules
smartest rule
Sources of power:
Formal Authority
Purpose of Government
maintain order
foreign relations
protections of rights/liberties
Nation-States have to have
code of laws
sovereignty-self govern
Judeo-Christian Tradition
stressed that people should try to have a just society based on respect for the law
Natural Law
universal set of moral principles, applied to any culture of justice system.
Thomas Aquinas- said people could discover natural laws using their natural sense of knowing right vs wrong
Magna Carta
"rule of Law"
King owed people "due process of law" which means king could not go against the government
Mayflower Compact
idea of Self-government and "consent of the governed"
Pilgrams wrote this in England when they were leaving because they could not be Anglican freely.
Also called "new world document:"
Petition of Right
Idea of Limited Government
Continue to limit King's power
English Bill of Rights
Idea of individual rights
3 key rights: fair trial, bear arms, and protection from cruel and unusual punishment
King had to get consent from Parliment
Thomas Hobbes
- wrote Leviathan
- Social Contract Theory-
- He thought people should give up all of their rights to the government
John Locke
- Second Treatise of Government
-idea of natural rights
3 rights: life, liberty, and property
-gov has to follow or else people can overthrow the government
Baron de Montesquieu
-Wrote spirit of Laws- govenrment should have branches so not just one person takes over.
- idea of separation of powers
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
-Wrote Social Contract- gov must be based on popular sovereignty-will of the people
Self Government
compacts: mayflower compact, town meetings with direct democracy- everyone votes on every law, and proposal
Government Organization
Governor appointed by King
Legislature-- house of burgesses
Taxes from Acts to pay for French and Indian War
Stamp Act, Sugar Act, Tea Act, Coercive or Intolerable Acts
First Continental Congress
-to express grievances to king
-formed committee
Second Continental Congress
- Establish army
-george washington named commander in chief
- attempt at settlement
-military encounters increase
Committee of 5
appointed to write declaration
- jefferson, john adams, franklin, roger sherman, robert livingston
Declaration of Independence
-Laws of nature
-All men are created equal
-life, liberty and pursuit of happiness
-Alter or abolish
-Right of representation
The making of Articles of Confederation
-passed by continental congress but not ratified until a year later
Articles rules
-each state has one vote
-weak central government
Can and Cants of congress
CAN: congress can make war, foreign policy, settle disputes between states, set up monetary and postal systems
CANT: Tax, borrow money on behalf of US, interstate commerce
Shay's Rebellion
-Showed that articles was weak because they couldnt step in to help
- Urges many political elites to consider revising
Constitutional Convention
-Held to revise the articles but they were so bad they just got rid of it
-55 delegates- white, male, wealthy, educated, protestant
- GW was president, ben franklin, james madison, hamilton were there
James Madison
came to convention with plan: Virginia Plan which says: bicameral congress, 3 branches of gov, representation based on pop
3 Plans for Constitution
Virginia Plan:Bicameral congress, 3 branches of gov, Representation based on population

New Jersey Plan: One state one vote, Unicameral, Equal representation of state, More than one federal executive- multiple presidents

Connecticut Plan: Roger sherman stopped it, Wanted to combine it, 2 houses:
one with population and one with equal representation
House of Reps and Senate
3/5 Compromise
Slaves only count as 3/5ths of a person
South wanted slaves to be counted for population for representation but didn't want them to count for paying taxes
North wanted the complete opposite
South wanted no taxes on exports and no ban on slave trade

North wanted to be able to tax and ban slave trade
Can't consider banning slave trade until 1808
What power did the federal gov have on commerce
the power to regulate interstate commerce:
Trading and commerce that happens across the state borders
Congress can make laws according to this power