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Inductive Reasoning/Deductive Reasoning
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Key Concepts:
Terms in this set (17)
inductive reasoning
reasoning based on observations and patterns
conjecture
statement believed to be true based on inductive reasoning
counter example
evidence to proving a conjecture false
conditional statement
statement that can be written in form of 'if p then q'
hypothesis
the part of p of a conditional statement following the word if
conclusion
the part of q of a conditional statement falling the word then
negation
not p
conditional statement
if p then q
converse
if q then p
inverse
if not p then not q
contrapositive
if not q then not p
deductive reasoning
reasoning based on facts, logic, and definitions
Venn Diagram
A diagram that uses circles to display elements of different sets. Overlapping circles show common elements.
truth table
a convenient method for organizing the truth values of statements
Conjuction
a word that connects two or more words or sentences with the word and notated by p^q
disjunction
a compound statement formed by joining two or more statements with the word or; notated by p v q
logically equivalent
statements that have the same truth values
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