55 terms

ELA middle school academic vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

result
give an answer, consequence
reflect
think about; wonder about
analyze
break apart; study the pieces
classify
put in order, sort
assess
judge; consider
support
give the facts; back up with details
acquire
to come into possess or ownership of; to gain through actions or efforts
analysis
an investigation of the parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole
alliteration
repetition of the first letter in a sentence: Big Bob boiled beans.
allusion
referencing something in literature
argument
a reason or set of reasons give with the aim of persuading others that an action or idea is right or wrong.
assertion
a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief
assumption
the act of taking for granted or supposing
central idea
Tells what the story is mostly about. (One sentence summary.)
claim
state or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof
compare
noting the similarity and differences between things
context
the circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea, and in terms of which it can be fully understood and assessed
contribute
help to cause or bring about
convey
make (an idea, impression, or feeling)know or understandable to someone
evidence
proof from the passage
falling action
action that follows the climax of the story
figurative language
the use of words in an unusual or imaginative manner. Often involves the use of a metaphor, a simile, personification, hyperbole, or idiom.
foreshadowing
a warning of a future event
sensory/imagery
description that allows the reader to see, hear, feel, smell, and taste the scenes described
infer
make an educated guess; read between the lines
insufficient
not enough;
inadequate
irrelevant
doesn't matter, unimportant extra information
metaphor
comparing things without using the words like or as
objective
something aimed for a goal
onomatopoeia
use of a word that imitates (sounds like the word it describes)
plot
the structure of a story; the sequence of events and actions within a story
propel
to drive or cause to move forward or onward
refer
to mention or allude to
exposition
the beginning of the story, the situation before the action starts
rising action
the series of conflicts and crises in the story taht lead to the climax
significance
the quality of being important
summarize
give a brief statement about the main points
transformation
change in form, appearance, nature, or character
contrast
tell how things are different; draw a distinction
demonstrate
show, make plain
To show clearly
Show by example
evaluate
judge; consider,
Examine and judge carefully.
A type of thinking. Judging the value or character of something; discussing the positive and negative advantages or disadvantages.
describe
tell about; explain
Tell the facts, details
details
provide exact items; be specific
pieces of information that support or tell more about the main idea
formulate
put together; create
identify
name; label
justify
give good reason; defend
examine
look at; inspect
define
describe; characterize
analogy
A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them.
chronological
Arranged in order of time of occurrence
affect
to have an influence on
perspective
a particular attitude toward or way of regarding something; a point of view
connotation
An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning
interpret
explain the meaning; make clear
theme
A statement that reveals the message or lesson that the author wants the reader to learn from the story