21 terms

Literary Device Example

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Terms in this set (...)

ellipsis
"I went to the mall on Monday, and she on Sunday."
antithesis
Speech is silver; silence is gold
generalization
All parents try to make life difficult for their children.
speculation
the musings and gossip about why a person got fired when there is no evidence as to the truth.
ad hominem
He's not a great athlete; he's a fraud, a cheat and a liar.
post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy
I must have got a fever because of the hamburger I ate last night.
reduction ad absurdum
In a location where there is a sign saying not to pick the flowers, a small child says to his mother, "It's just one flower."

Mother responds, "Yes, but if everyone who came by picked just one flower, there would be none left."
syllogism
All cars have wheels. I drive a car. Therefore, my car has wheels.
non-sequitur
My refrigerator is acting up. I'd better read that book by Friday.
pronouncements of absolutes
In 12 hours from 7pm, it will be 7am.
equivocal statements
an equivocal answer = an answer with several meanings and deliberately ambiguous
(religious) aphorisms
A bad penny always turns up.
rhetorical question
Is rain wet?
litotes
He's not the sharpest tool in the shed.
parallelism
In the famous speech of Martin Luther King, Jr., the phrase "I have a dream" was repeated often and is an example of parallelism for clarity and emphasis.
anthropomorphism
In the Disney film, Beauty and the Beast, the clock (Cogsworth), candlestick (Lumier), and the teapot (Mrs. Pots) all act and behave as if they are human beings.
verbal irony
Saying "Oh, fantastic!" when the situation is actually very poor
situational irony
A fire station burns down. This is unexpected because one would assume the fire chief would keep his own building safe.
dramatic irony
Two people are engaged to be married but the audience knows that the man is planning to run away with another woman.
allegorical
Pigs represent people in power.
homily
"Perhaps many of you grew up during the depression. If so, you know what it means to be poor. I did not grow up during the depression, but I grew up in a poor family. I can remember one Christmas when both of my parents were out of work, and we had no money. Concerned parishioners brought Christmas baskets to our house. It was a humbling and difficult experience for my parents. The year before, my father had helped to distribute baskets to other poor people. Now it was our turn."