5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- reversible figure
- moon illusion
- binocular cues
- feature detector
- selective attention
- a the apparent difference between the size of the moon at the horizon and its size when viewed higher
- b a neuron in the visual system of the brain that responds to the presence of a simple feature, such as a horizontal line; discovered by Hubel and Wiesel
- c visual cues that depend on the actions of both eyes
- d a stimulus that you can perceive in more than one way
- e the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in the cocktail party effect
5 Multiple choice questions
- a specially designed room that is trapezoidal in shape but appears to be rectangular. This room gives misleading visual cues that lead people to believe that two similar-sized objects are of different sizes, depending on where their locations in the room are.
- the tendency to perceive objects as being part of the same group if they change or move in similar ways at the same time
- an illusion of movement created by a rapid succession of stationary images
- Ability to attend to any one voice among many.
- in Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive objects that are close together as belonging to one group
5 True/False questions
waterfall illusion → a phenomenon in which prolonged staring at a waterfall and then looking at nearby cliffs causes those cliffs to appear to flow upward.
Gestalt psychology → an approach to psychology that seeks to explain how we perceive overall patterns
visual constancy → the tendency to perceive objects as unchanging in shape, size, and color, despite variations in what actually reaches the retina
signal -detection theory → the study of people's tendency to make hits, correct rejections, misses and false alarms
bottom up processing → Information processing guided by higher level mental processes, as when we construct perceptions drawing on our experience and expectations.