5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Ames Room
- common fate
- selective attention
- feature detector
- waterfall illusion
- a a specially designed room that is trapezoidal in shape but appears to be rectangular. This room gives misleading visual cues that lead people to believe that two similar-sized objects are of different sizes, depending on where their locations in the room are.
- b a neuron in the visual system of the brain that responds to the presence of a simple feature, such as a horizontal line; discovered by Hubel and Wiesel
- c the tendency to perceive objects as being part of the same group if they change or move in similar ways at the same time
- d the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in the cocktail party effect
- e a phenomenon in which prolonged staring at a waterfall and then looking at nearby cliffs causes those cliffs to appear to flow upward.
5 Multiple choice questions
- the apparent difference between the size of the moon at the horizon and its size when viewed higher
- a misinterpretation of a visual stimulus as being larger or smaller, or straighter, or more curved, than it really is
- a stimulus that you can perceive in more than one way
- Discovered that depth perception is innate using the visual cliff and experiment with 6-14 months old babies
- the study of people's tendency to make hits, correct rejections, misses and false alarms
5 True/False questions
proximity → in Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive objects that are close together as belonging to one group
induced movement → an illusion of movement created by a rapid succession of stationary images
bottom up processing → Information processing guided by higher level mental processes, as when we construct perceptions drawing on our experience and expectations.
perception → the interpretation of sensory information
closure → in Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive simple, symmetrical figures