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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Ames Room
  2. common fate
  3. selective attention
  4. feature detector
  5. waterfall illusion
  1. a a specially designed room that is trapezoidal in shape but appears to be rectangular. This room gives misleading visual cues that lead people to believe that two similar-sized objects are of different sizes, depending on where their locations in the room are.
  2. b a neuron in the visual system of the brain that responds to the presence of a simple feature, such as a horizontal line; discovered by Hubel and Wiesel
  3. c the tendency to perceive objects as being part of the same group if they change or move in similar ways at the same time
  4. d the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in the cocktail party effect
  5. e a phenomenon in which prolonged staring at a waterfall and then looking at nearby cliffs causes those cliffs to appear to flow upward.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the apparent difference between the size of the moon at the horizon and its size when viewed higher
  2. a misinterpretation of a visual stimulus as being larger or smaller, or straighter, or more curved, than it really is
  3. a stimulus that you can perceive in more than one way
  4. Discovered that depth perception is innate using the visual cliff and experiment with 6-14 months old babies
  5. the study of people's tendency to make hits, correct rejections, misses and false alarms

5 True/False questions

  1. proximityin Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive objects that are close together as belonging to one group


  2. induced movementan illusion of movement created by a rapid succession of stationary images


  3. bottom up processingInformation processing guided by higher level mental processes, as when we construct perceptions drawing on our experience and expectations.


  4. perceptionthe interpretation of sensory information


  5. closurein Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive simple, symmetrical figures


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