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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. reversible figure
  2. moon illusion
  3. binocular cues
  4. feature detector
  5. selective attention
  1. a the apparent difference between the size of the moon at the horizon and its size when viewed higher
  2. b a neuron in the visual system of the brain that responds to the presence of a simple feature, such as a horizontal line; discovered by Hubel and Wiesel
  3. c visual cues that depend on the actions of both eyes
  4. d a stimulus that you can perceive in more than one way
  5. e the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in the cocktail party effect

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a specially designed room that is trapezoidal in shape but appears to be rectangular. This room gives misleading visual cues that lead people to believe that two similar-sized objects are of different sizes, depending on where their locations in the room are.
  2. the tendency to perceive objects as being part of the same group if they change or move in similar ways at the same time
  3. an illusion of movement created by a rapid succession of stationary images
  4. Ability to attend to any one voice among many.
  5. in Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive objects that are close together as belonging to one group

5 True/False questions

  1. waterfall illusiona phenomenon in which prolonged staring at a waterfall and then looking at nearby cliffs causes those cliffs to appear to flow upward.

          

  2. Gestalt psychologyan approach to psychology that seeks to explain how we perceive overall patterns

          

  3. visual constancythe tendency to perceive objects as unchanging in shape, size, and color, despite variations in what actually reaches the retina

          

  4. signal -detection theorythe study of people's tendency to make hits, correct rejections, misses and false alarms

          

  5. bottom up processingInformation processing guided by higher level mental processes, as when we construct perceptions drawing on our experience and expectations.