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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. cocktail party effect
  2. common fate
  3. optical illusion
  4. moon illusion
  5. Elenor Gibson
  1. a the apparent difference between the size of the moon at the horizon and its size when viewed higher
  2. b the tendency to perceive objects as being part of the same group if they change or move in similar ways at the same time
  3. c Ability to attend to any one voice among many.
  4. d a misinterpretation of a visual stimulus as being larger or smaller, or straighter, or more curved, than it really is
  5. e Discovered that depth perception is innate using the visual cliff and experiment with 6-14 months old babies

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the ability of a stimulus to influence our behavior even when it is presented so faintly or briefly or along with such strong distracters that we do not perceive it consciously
  2. a neuron in the visual system of the brain that responds to the presence of a simple feature, such as a horizontal line; discovered by Hubel and Wiesel
  3. a laboratory device for testing depth perception in infants and young animals
  4. Processing in which a whole is constructed from parts
  5. in Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive objects that are close together as belonging to one group

5 True/False questions

  1. absolute sensory thresholdthe intensity at which a given individual can detect a sensory stimulus 50% of the time; a low threshold indicates the ability to detect faint stimuli


  2. figure and groundan object and its background


  3. top down processingInformation processing guided by higher level mental processes, as when we construct perceptions drawing on our experience and expectations.


  4. similarityin Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive objects that resemble each other as belonging to a group


  5. good figurein Gestalt psychology, the tendency to imagine the rest of an incomplete, familiar figure