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/ri/ short syllabic vowel-like retroflex approximant: approximately as American English bird or meter
/ x / the voiceless velar fricative as the ending of the German doch. Many incorrectly pronounce it as / kh / (ख) instead; (kh)
usually representing the sound / j /, often transliterated as y. Pronounced alone it is / j / like the beginning of the English word yum (y)
/ r /, often transliterated as r. Pronounced alone it is / r / similar to the beginning of the English word run
/ l /, often transliterated as l. Pronounced alone it is / l / similar to the beginning of the English word love
often transliterated as v. Pronounced alone it is typically between the English v and w, though dialects range almost to each end of the spectrum between v and w
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