Music Listening-Midterm: Baroque
Terms in this set (42)
Oratorio differs from opera in that it has no
acting, scenery, or costumes.
The early baroque was characterized by
A musical ornament consisting of the rapid alternation of two tones that are a whole or half step apart is a
The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and
Johann Sebastian Bach
Sets of dance-inspired instrumental movements are called
A ____________ is a single tone, usually in the bass, that is held while the other voices produce a series of changing harmonies against it.
The theorbo is a(n)
plucked string instrument capable of producing chords as well as a bass line.
Some of Vivaldi's instrumental concertos were arranged by
Johann Sebastian Bach.
A major difference between a cantata and an oratorio is that an oratorio
is not intended for religious services.
Handel's Messiah is an example of
The ____________ is a Lutheran congregational hymn tune
The large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the
The main theme of a fugue is called the
The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of
Bach created masterpieces in every baroque form except
A type of polyphonic composition based on one main theme is a
A bass part together with numbers that specify the chords to be played above it is called
The ____________ is the person who beats time, indicates expression, cues in musicians, and controls the balance among instruments and voices.
An ____________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action.
The text, or book, of a musical dramatic work is called the
Monteverdi's vocal music ordinarily was supported by a ____________ and other instruments.
Vivaldi was famous and influential as a virtuoso
The solo instruments in Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 are the ____________, violin, and harpsichord.
A large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text, is called a(n)
The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often in ____________ form.
A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called a/an
All of the following were major baroque composers except
Pierluigi da Palestrina.
Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 is unusual in that
it gives a solo role to the harpsichord.
____________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech.
In their use of aria, duet, and recitative, Bach's cantatas closely resembled the ____________ of the time.
The word movement in music normally refers to
a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition
received the highest fees of any musicians.
combined the lung power of a man with the vocal range of a woman.
were male singers who had been castrated before puberty.
A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment, is the
Baroque style flourished in music during the period
Dido and Aeneas, which many consider to be the finest opera ever written to an English text, was composed by
Vivaldi wrote approximately ____________ concerti grossi and solo concertos.
A Vivaldi concerto usually has ____________ movements.
The early and late baroque periods differed in that composers in the late baroque
favored polyphonic texture.
Bach was recognized as the most eminent ____________ of his day.
Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in the ____________ period.
The main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the organ and the
The principal means of musical expression in the Lutheran service was the
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