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28 terms

Civil War, Chapter 10

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Wilmot Proviso
Bill that would ban slavery in territories acquired in Mexican War
Secession
decision by the state to leave union
Compromise of 1850
Includes California admitted as a free state, the Fugitive Slave Act, Made popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American War
Popular Sovereignty
allowing the people of the teritory to make decisions, especially about slavery
Stephen A. Douglas
Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport Doctrine
Millard FIllmore
elected Vice President and became the 13th President of the United States when Zachary Taylor died in office (1800-1874)
Fugitive Slave Act
Law that provided for harsh treatment for escaped slaves and for those who helped them.
Personal Liberty Law
Northerners way around the Fugitive Slave Act
Underground Railroad
a system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North
Harriet Tubman
"Conductor" of Underground Railroad
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of the antislavery novel Uncle Tom's Cabin
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Law that split Nebraska into the territories of Nebraska and Kansas and allowed for popular sovereignty.
John Brown
Fierce opponent of slavery who led a raid that killed anti-abolitionist.
Bleeding Kansas
Term referring to bloodshed over popular sovereignty in a particular western territory
The Pottawatomie Massacre
John Brown butchered 5 proslavery settlers in relatiation to a group of Border Ruffians burned the antislavery town of Lawrence.
Charles Sumner/Preston Brooks
Preston Brooks felt that Sumner speech spread libel on South Carolina and Mr.Butler
Franklin Pierce
14th President
Nativism/ Know-Nothing Party
a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
Free-Soil Party
this political group opposed expansion of slavery into western territories
Horace Greeley
Newspaper editor who strongly supported the newly-formed Republican Party
John C. Fremont
republican candidate in the 1856 presidential election
James Buchanan
15th President of the United States
Dred Scott
United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state
Roger B.Taney
Chief Justice who declared slaves property
Abraham Lincoln
16th U.S. President. 1861-1865 (Assassinated). Republican National Union
Harpers Ferry
Location of federal arsenal that John Brown raided to get guns to arm slaves
Confederacy
the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America