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249 terms

AT 2356 Final

STUDY
PLAY
Athletic Trainers are only found in the secondary and collegiate settings
False, they are found in many different settings
1st Athletic Training text was written in ____ by ____
1917, SE Bilik
1932 Cramer family published the ____and has played a major role in Athletic Training since then
First Aider
NATA was formed in __
1950
Athletic Training as we know it today started during the late nineteenth century with the firm establishment of college and high school athletes
True
Athletic Training was recognized as an allied healthcare profession in ____
1990
National Strength and Conditioning Association oversees the drug testing programs in NCAA
False
___ is the act that says medical records can not be release unless permission is given
HIPAA
What is the Committee for accreditation of Athletic Training education, called
CAATE
In Texas, to practice Athletic Training you need ____
License
All of the following should be elements of a hydrotherapy area EXCEPT
4-5 whirlpool baths to provide both hot and cold whirlpools
OSHA stands for
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Which of the following are expendable supplies
Tape, massage lotion, bandages
The primary purpose of a pre-participation health exam is
Identify whether an athlete is at risk before he/she participates
The most crucial stage in maturity is the stage because of
3rd, increased speed of bone growth
The law that protects the privacy of student educational records and in some instances medical records is known as
FERPA
Which of the following conditions does NOT indicate a possible medical disqualification from collision/contact sports
Diabetes
When ordering expensive supplies it is important to have vendors quote prices before making a decision. This is known as
Competitive bidding
Which of the following is the most efficient method of making a maturity assessment
Secondary sexual characteristic assessment
Which of the following areas of the pre-participation exam includes the assessment of height, weight, and body composition
Physical Examination
Which of the following is the average statute of limitations for negligence suits
One to three years
Which of the following best describes malfeasance (act of commission)? his/her legal duty
A legal wrong that is committed when an Individual performs an act that is not
If an individual fails to perform a legal duty it is known as
An act of omission
The length of time an individual has to sue for damages from negligence is known as
Statute of Limitations
An athletic trainer that burns an athlete because of improper use of a modality could be found to be _________________
Negligent, In breach of a duty, and Liable
Which of the following assumes an individual is neither extremely skillful nor extraordinarily cautious, but is of reasonable and ordinary prudence
Negligence
A legal wrong that is committed against a person or property is known as
Tort
The state of being legally responsible for the harm that one causes another person is known as
Liability
What are some of the things one can do to reduce his/her rick of litigation
Have an EAP at each site, Documentation, and Communication
Medicare is an insurance program for whom
disabled and aged
An approach to conditioning that attempts to bring about peak performance while reducing injuries and overtraining is known as
Periodization
Progressive resistive exercise is based on which of the following principles
Progression and overload
The stretching method that uses an extreme stretch that is held for a long period of time is
Static stretch
The ability of the body to undergo prolonged whole body, large muscle activity is
Cardiorespiratory endurance
Stroke volume and heart rate determine the _____________ of the heart
Cardiac output
The Golgi tendon organs respond to increased tension after
At least 6 seconds
The relaxation of the antagonist muscle in response to an agonist contraction is known as
Reciprocal inhibition
All of the following are factors that determine VO2 max except
Muscle function
The greatest rate in which oxygen can be taken in and utilized during exercise is referred to as
VO2 max
If the intensity of an activity is such that sufficient oxygen can be supplied to meet the demands of working tissues, the activity is
Aerobic
Sugars and starches are examples of
Carbohydrates
The most efficient source of energy is
Carbohydrates
Glucose that is not needed immediately for energy is stored in the _______ as_____
Muscle cells, glycogen
The pre-event meal should be
Eaten three hours before competition
Which of the following groups are all fat-soluble vitamins
C, A, D, E, K
The basic units that make up proteins are called
Amino acids
A mineral that is extremely important in the body's ability to create a muscle contraction, blood clotting, and proper nerve function is
Calcium
Anorexia Athletica is characterized by all of the following signs EXCEPT
Self starvation
Electrolyte replacement is necessary in all cases EXCEPT
Just before exercise
During a weight-loss program, how many pounds should be lost per week
1 to 2
Which of the following conditions is caused by peripheral vasodilation of the superficial vessels, hypotension or a pooling of blood in the extremities, which results in dizziness, fainting, and nausea
Heat syncope
How may minutes before exposure to the sun should sunscreen be applied
15-30
If the flash to bang is 15 seconds, how far away is lightening occurring
3 Seconds
Sixty-five percent of the heat produced by the body is lost in cold weather by
Radiation
In giving emergency treatment for a heat stroke victim, the athletic trainer should direct efforts at
Lower body temperature with a cool towels and transport to a hospital
Absence of sweating with hot, flushed skin, sudden collapse, altered consciousness and seizures is indicative of
Exertional heat stroke
A heat disorder caused by profuse sweating, diarrhea, persistent muscle cramps and dizziness with loss of coordination is
Exertional heat exhaustion
A critical consideration in avoiding heat stress is to
Acclimatize
The purpose of a sling psychrometer is to measure
Relative humidity
Heat is eliminated by the body in all of the following ways EXCEPT
Conversion
Which of the following conditions is characterized by pain and discomfort during and immediately after exercise
Acute onset muscle soreness
Pain that is felt at a place other than the origin of the pain is known as
Referred pain
Which of the following is a common apophyseal injury
Severs Disease
A fracture that occurs on the side opposite to the point at which trauma was initiated is a(n) fracture
Contrecoup
Epiphyseal growth plate injuries have been classified into five types by
Salter-Harris
All of the following are functions of bone EXCEPT
Mineral production not calcium
All of the following are qualities of a synovial joint EXCEPT
Slightly movable
A condition that has a gradual onset with diffuse tenderness, inflammation and usually crepitus of a tendon is called
Tendinitis
Injuries to the musculotendinous unit commonly occur at all of the following sites except in the
Mid-tendon area
A force that, with enough energy, crushes tissue is a force
Compression
Avascular necrosis is a condition commonly found in the in which there is a(n) ___
Hip, poor blood supply
Which of the following chemical mediators is a powerful vasodilator found in mast cells
Histamine
During the inflammatory response phase there is a period of followed by
Vasoconstriction, vasodilation
The pain theory that establishes the ability of the dorsal root to inhibit pain impulses ascending to the brain cortex for perception is called the
Gate theory
If there is poor blood supply to a fractured area and a portion of the bone does not heal, this is called
Avascular necrosis
The constant ongoing remodeling of bone is caused by the
Osteoblasts and osteoclasts
Which of the following has the best capacity for regeneration
Bone
Which of the following nerve fibers transmit impulses from nocioceptors toward the brain
Afferent fibers
When leukocytes line up along the wall of the blood vessel it is called
Margination
he process of ingesting microorganisms, other cells, or foreign particles commonly performed by monocytes is called
Phagocytosis
Personality disorders include all of the following EXCEPT
Neurosis
In which of the phases of rehabilitation does the patient feel fearful and may be in denial
Immediate post-injury
During stress the threat is immediate and the body's response is instantaneous
Acute
Which of the following mood disorders can be treated with light therapy
Seasonal affective disorder
Which of the following is an outward sign of overreaction
Argumentativeness
Injury and or illness are stressors and the athlete's ability to cope with these stressors depends on the athlete's
Cognitive appraisal
Which of the following is the final Kubler-Ross stage
Acceptance
Athletes who sustain injuries that disable them from performing may experience
Fear, Depression, and Anger
Acute response to negative stress cause adrenal secretions causing the _____ response to stress
fight and flight
When an athlete is physically ready to return to play, the physical aspect is all the sports medicine team needs to be concerned with
False
The pressure point most commonly used in the upper body to control external bleeding is the
Brachial artery
When an athlete is being placed on a spine board, which of the following personnel is in control
The person stabilizing the victim's head
Systolic blood pressure indicates
The pressure on the blood vessel walls when the left ventricle contracts
A red skin color on a light-colored individual may indicate
Heatstroke, high blood pressure, or carbon monoxide poisoning
In transporting an athlete with a suspected spinal or pelvic injury: third supporting the trunk as you support the head and neck
Use a spine board and move under medical direction
In an effort to accurately assess the extent of a musculoskeletal injury, it is vitally important to know
The mechanism of the injury
The type of shock that results from trauma in which there is blood loss is called
Hypovolemic shock
When dealing with a possible unconscious athlete, the first action that must be taken is
Determine the level of consciousness and unresponsiveness
Which of these is not a symptom of shock
Patient has a very slow pulse
Which type of assistance is given to an athlete that is able to walk after an injury a short distance
Ambulatory Aid
To fit crutches the elbow should be flexed at ___ degrees
30
Which of the following tests is used to detect blood clots
Doppler Ultrasonography
Movement that is performed solely by the athlete is called
Active
The application of mechanical forces, which may stem from within or outside of the body, to living organisms is called
Biomechanics
Pain that subsides during activity usually indicates a(n)
Chronic Inflammation
Conditions following and resulting from a disease or injury are referred to as
Sequela
Which of the following is NOT included in the history portion of an injury evaluation
Athlete tries to assess the movement of the injured part
Sharp or burning pain is characteristic of what type of injury
Nerve injury
When an athletic trainer or other health care professional is denoting what disease, injury or syndrome a person has or is believed to have, he/she is making a(n)
Clinical Diagnosis
S.O.A.P. stands for
Subjective, objective, assessment, plan
The step of infection, which stage is when the person feels bad and can not get out of bed
acute stage
What is the job of the T cells
fight
HBV can live outside the body for __
at least 1 week
If a uniform becomes saturated with blood, what is the proper action that should be taken for the athlete to continue participation
The uniform should be changed immediately
The HBV vaccine is given in
3 doses over a 6-month period
Testing Athletes for HIV is legal in regards to clearing them for play
False
If one thinks they have been infected by a bloodborne pathogen they should be tested at __weeks, __ months, and __ year(s)
6,3,1
After a virus enters and attacks a host cell it
Uses the cell to replicate , directs the cell to make a protein shell, emerges after destroying the cell to infect other tissue, and destroys the cell
All of the following are signs and symptoms of HBV except
Weight loss
Which of the following substances is appropriate for cleaning tables in the athletic training room
A 1:10 solution of bleach and water
Classification of modalities include all of the following except
Shockwave Energy
All of the following are desirable effects of heating EXCEPT
Decreasing blood flow
Thermal energy can be transferred by all of the following EXCEPT
Evaporation
A condition in which cold exposure causes vasospasm of the digital arteries is known as
Raynaud's phenomenon
When using cryotherapy, if the temperature is 38.3 F, muscle temperatures can be reduced as deep as
4 cm
A preferred therapeutic massage for areas around joints, other areas where tissue is thin, and over adhesions would be
Friction
Traction is indicated for which of the following conditions
Spinal nerve root impingement
The process whereby ions in solution are carried through the intact skin by an electrical current is called
Iontophoresis
The following are physiological responses to massage EXCEPT
Decreased Circulation
All of the following are types of traction EXCEPT
Tapotement
An exercise that involves weight bearing through an extremity is considered
A closed kinetic chain exercise
Which of the following is NOT considered a closed kinetic chain exercise
Knee extension in sitting
Maximum muscle loading at a fixed speed (consistent velocity) with accommodating resistance throughout the entire range of motion is characterized by what method of exercise
Isokinetic
A method of promoting the response of the neuromuscular mechanism through stimulation is called
PNF exercise
In which phase of rehabilitation is rest and pain control most important
Phase I-Acute inflammatory response phase
The phase can last for several years and includes a series of functional progression activities
Phase 3: Remodeling phase
Which of the following is not an indicator of being too aggressive with exercise in the rehab plan
Increased flexibility
Increasing static strength and decreasing atrophy in the first phase of rehab can best be accomplished by using what method of exercise
Isometric
Decisions on how to progress an athlete through a rehabilitation program should be based on
The healing process
Following an injury or surgery, when should the rehabilitation process be initiated
Immediately after
Branch of science that deals with the action of drugs on the biological systems is known as
pharmacology
Method by which drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized and eliminated from the body is known as
pharmacokinetics
The drug that can give effects of increased muscle mass, and weight, general growth and bone maturation, irreversible effects causing major threats to health is known as
anabolic steroids
When an immediate reaction to a drug is necessary, it should be administered
Intravenously
All of the following drugs are banned by both the NCAA and the USOC EXCEPT
Corticosteroids
The use of anabolic steroids will cause all of the following EXCEPT
Decreased Male Mammary Glands
The use of marijuana can lead to all of the following EXCEPT
Decrease in Pulse Rate
Drugs and medications administered into the skin are said to be
Intradermal
Which of the following is NOT an adverse reaction to aspirin or NSAIDS
Inhibition of Prostaglandin Release
Most narcotics used in medicine are derived from opium or are synthetically similar
True
Supports weight bearing, absorb shock, provides space for plantar surface blood vessels, nerves and muscles are all the functions of what in the foot
the arches of the foot
What nerve supplies the muscles on the back of the leg and the plantar aspect of the foot
tibial nerve
What is the function of the Metatarsophalangeal joints
flexion, extension, abduction, adduction
Abnormally short 1st metatarsal is known as___
Morton's Toe
Apophysitis of the Calcaneus also known as Sever's Disease most commonly occurs in what population
9-14 yrs old (Jr. High age)
Jones Fracture is most commonly located on the 5nd metatarsal bone
True
Repetitive hyperextension of the great toe resulting in inflammation and pain under the great toe is known as, what condition(s)
possible MOI and symptoms for both Turf Toe and Seasmoiditis
A condition that can OCCUR SECONDARY to hallux valgus(big toe) is
tendinitis in the great toe flexors
A pes planus foot is associated with
Excessive Pronation
A common foot condition with a sudden onset of pain in the arch region that is relieved by becoming non weight-bearing and gives extreme point tenderness at the plantar surface of the calcaneus may be indicative of
A plantar fascia strain
A condition that occurs when the tissue fluid pressure has increased because of the confines of the fascia and/or bone resulting in compression of the muscles, nerves, and blood vessels is called
Compartment Syndrome
Which of the following is a sprain that results from forceful external rotation of the ankle
Syndesmotic-high ankle sprain
Which of the following is not a sign of anterior compartment syndrome
Weakness of Toe Flexors
A grade II lateral ankle sprain indicates damage to which ligaments
Anterior Talofibular and Calcaneofibular
Athletes who have pronated or hypermobile feet have a higher incidence of
Eversion Ankle Sprains
When squeezing the calf muscle with the leg extended and the foot hanging over the edge of the table, you are performing which test for Achilles tendon rupture
Thompson Test
When a fracture of the lower leg is suspected, what test can be done to reaffirm your suspicions
Percussion Test
Which of the following would be a specific functional test for dorsiflexion
Walk on Heels
A positive anterior drawer test indicates damage to which ligament
Anterior Talofibular
The lateral compartment of the leg comprises what muscles
Peronues Brevis, Peroneus Longus, Peroneus Tertius
The anterior cruciate ligament is most vulnerable to injury when
The knee is valgus and the tibia is externally rotated
The mechanism of injury that leaves the posterior cruciate ligament at greatest risk for injury is
Landing on the anterior aspect of the bent knee with the foot plantarflexed
A gradual degenerative process of the underside of the patella is called
Chondromalacia patella
The Lachman test is used to evaluate stability of the
Anterior cruciate ligament
Running, turning, figure-eights, backing up, and stopping are what types of test
Functional
Swelling caused by synovial fluid and/or blood in the joint is called
Hemarthrosis
The ligament injury of the knee generally considered to be the most serious involves the
Anterior cruciate
Q angles that exceed degrees can be considered excessive and can lead to a pathological condition in the patella
20
A condition common to runners and cyclists having genu varum (pronated feet) that leads to pain and irritation over the lateral femoral condyle is
Iliotibial band syndrome
The ligament that protects the knee from a valgus stress and external rotational forces is the
Medial collateral
The muscle that is the main stabilizer for patellar tracking is the
Vastus medialis
Improper care of a thigh contusion leading to incomplete absorption of the hematoma, which later produces formation similar to cartilage or bone, is called
Heterotrophic ossification
The most common site for stress fractures of the femur is the femoral
Neck
An avascular necrosis of the femoral head seen in children 4 to 10 years of age is called
Legg-Perthes disease
An injury that results from a blow to an inadequately protected iliac crest and produces an extremely handicapping injury is the
Hip pointer
To measure anatomical discrepancy of leg length, measurements are taken between the medial malleoli and the
Anterior superior iliac spine
When an athlete walks into the athletic training room you notice that he/she is walking with the toe in. This could be a result of
Femoral anteversion
A hip sprain is best revealed through the athlete's inability to
Circumduct the thigh
A condition found mostly in boys between the ages of 10 and 17 that produces hip and knee pain during passive and active motion is
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
The Patrick test detects pathological conditions of
The Hip and sacroiliac joint
The scapula fossa that articulates with the humerus is deepened by an additional structure called the
Glenoid labrum
Which of the following muscles is not a part of the rotator cuff
Deltoid
The brachial plexus is derived from what spinal nerve segments
C5-TI
Winging of only one scapula indicates an injury to what nerve
Long thoracic
The drop arm test is used to determine injury to what muscle
Supraspinatus
Which of the following is NOT a test for glenohumeral instability
Which of the following is NOT a test for glenohumeral instability
What are contusions to the distal end of the clavicle called
Shoulder pointers
The most commmon shoulder direction for the shoulder to displace is in the _______________ direction
Anterior
Which of the following tests assesses for impingement syndrome
Hawkins-Kennedy test
With an anterior glenohumeral dislocation, the athlete's the arm will be in
Slight abduction and external rotation
The ligament that stabilizes and encircles the head of the radius is the
Annular ligament
What nerve innervates the main elbow extensors
Musculocutaneous
If resistance is applied to an athlete's extended wrist with the elbow flexed at a 45-degree angle, the athletic trainer is testing for
Lateral Epicondylitis
If an athlete complains of burning and tingling or paresthesia to the fourth and fifth fingers, what structure may be damaged
Ulnar nerve
Most elbow dislocations result from falling on an outstretched hand and result in the ulna and radius dislocating
Posteriorly
Which nerve can become irritated secondary to cubitus valgus present at the elbow
Ulnar
The motions of the elbow joint are
Flexion and extension
The motion(s) that occur at the proximal radioulnar joint
Pronation and supination
Lateral epicondylitis results from
Repetitive extension of the wrist
Which side of the arm receives the most frequent impact and therefore is where the majority of bruising occurs
Ulnar
Which of the following finger nail deformities results from thyroid problems
Spooning
Which of the following tendons is involved with mallet finger
Extensor Digitorum
Which bone in the wrist is most commonly dislocated
Lunate
Severe point tenderness in the anatomical "snuffbox" may indicate a fracture of which bone
Scaphoid
A sprain of the ulnar collateral ligament of the MCP joint of the thumb caused by forceful abduction of the proximal phalanx is called
Gamekeeper's thumb
A deformity caused by a rupture of the extensor tendon over the middle phalanx is called
Boutonniere deformity
A wrist fracture resulting from the radius and ulna being forced backward and upward (hyperextension), is called a
Colles' fracture
Tapping over the transverse carpal ligament tests for
Carpal tunnel syndrome
he second and third digits are innervated by which cervical nerve root
C7
Slipping of one vertebrae above or below another is known as__
spondylolisthesis
Which of the following cervical tests is positive if dizziness and nystagmus are present
Vertebral Artery Test
When one has a back injury the first thing that should be evaluated and ruled out is ___
fracture
Which of the following portions of the spine have a convex curve anteriorly
Cervical, lumbar
Most serious cervical injuries in football result from purposeful
Axial loading as a result of spearing
Which of the following is (are) sign(s) of cervical neck fracture
Cervical pain, Neck point tenderness, and Cervical muscle spasm
Which of the following postures results from an increased curve in the lumbar spine
Lordosis
The major muscle of back extension is the
Erector spinae
Sports movements that characteristically hyperextend the lumbar spine are likely to cause
Spondylolysis
The outer periphery of the intervertebral disk composed of strong fibrous tissue is called the
Annulus fibrosus
Two commonly used cognitive tests are serial 7's and naming the months in reverse order
TRUE
Which of the following eye injuries is painless and results in the athlete seeing floating specks, flashes of light, "falling curtain" and having blurred vision
Detached retina
Which of the following should not be done when managing a bleeding nose
Tilt the head back to decrease bleeding
After the head is struck, the brain continues to move in the fluid and may be contused against the opposite side, causing this type of injury
Contrecoup
An athlete who starts to exhibit symptoms of giddiness, attention difficulties, anxiety, and headaches hours or days after a collision may be considered to have
Postconcussion syndrome
Which of the following is used to visually examine the tympanic membrane
Otoscope
Which of the following symptoms are not indicative of a serious eye injury
Excessive watering of the eye
An athlete who has a bleeding fractured tooth should be managed in the following way
Continue to play and see the dentist after the competition
When testing for balance, if an athlete is unable to keep eyes closed and is unable to maintain balance is considered to have a
Positive Romberg's sign
Which of the following can occur if an athlete who has sustained a previous concussion, is returned to play prior to resolution of symptoms, and receives another head injury
Second-impact syndrome
The organ that serves as a reservoir of red blood cells and a destroyer of ineffective red cells is the
Spleen
A protrusion of the abdominal viscera through a portion of the abdominal wall is called a(n)
Hernia
Which of the following conditions predisposes an athlete to injuries of the spleen
Mononucleosis
In managing a scrotal contusion, the first responsibility is to
Reduce testicular spasm
A direct blow to the anterolateral aspect of the thorax, or a sudden twist, or falling on the ball, can compress the rib cage and can result most often in a
Costochondral separation
A condition in which the pleural cavity becomes filled with air that has entered through an opening in the chest is called
Pneumothorax
The solid organs, which are contained in the abdominal viscera, consist of the
Kidneys, spleen, liver, adrenal glands, and pancreas
Abdominal rigidity and pain at McBurney's point may indicate
Appendicitis
The condition in which an athlete takes a violent blow or compression to the chest, without any accompanying rib fracture, and presents with severe pain during breathing, coughing up of blood, and shock is known as
Hemothorax
Pain that radiates to the left shoulder and 1/3rd of the way down the left arm is displaying
Kehr's sign for a ruptured spleen