What are the 5 kingdoms?
Kingdom Procaryotae or Monera, Kingdom Protista, Kingdom Fungi, Kingdom Plantae, Kingdom Animalia
What is the basis for the domain classification?
based on the similarities in nucleotide sequences in ribosomal RNA.
All of the pathogenic prokaryotes as well as many of the nonpathogenic prokaryotes found in soil and water.
What are the 3 major groups of Domain Archaea?
A. The extreme halophiles, which require high concentrations of salt for survival.
B. The hyperthermophiles, which normally grow in hot acidic environments.
C. The methanogens, which are strict anaerobes that produce methane from carbon dioxide and hydrogen.
Who assigns the rules for assigning names to newly classified bacteria?
The International Committee of Systematic Bacteriology
What has to happen in order for a new bacteria to be put into Bergey's Manual?
Publishes the descriptions of newly classified bacteria and evidence for their classifications
What is the taxonomic hierarchy (in order) ?
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum or Division, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Which book contains the classification of bacteria according to evolutionary relatedness?
Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology
How are bacterial strains identified?
identified by numbers, letters, or names that follow the specific epithet.
Which book is used for the identification of bacteria?
Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology
Describe how morphological characteristics are used to ID (identify) bacteria.
Characteristics such as presence or absence of endospores or the presence of and the number and location of the flagella can be used to identify bacteria
Describe how differential staining is used to ID (identify) bacteria.
characteristics are based on the chemical composition of the cell walls.