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FM2335 Exam 1
Terms in this set (26)
the socially constructed roles and characteristics by which a culture defines male and female
the BIOLOGICAL differences that distinguish males from females
One's innermost concept of self as male/female/both/neither— this is how individuals view themselves and what they refer to themselves as.
Some individuals choose to socially, hormonally and/or surgically change their sex to more fully match their gender identity.
Refers to the ways in which people externally communicate their gender identity to others through behavior, clothing, haircut, voice and other forms of presentation.
* The set of roles, activities, expectations and behaviors assigned to females and males BY SOCIETY.
* Our culture recognizes two basic gender roles: Masculine and Feminine
* People who step out of their socially assigned gender roles are sometimes referred to as transgender.
* Used as an umbrella to describe anyone whose identity falls outside of stereotypical gender norms.
* Refers to an individual whose gender identity does not match their assigned birth gender.
* Being transgender does not imply any specific sexual orientation
* Refers to being romantically/sexually attracted to people of a specific gender.
* Our sexual orientation and our gender identity are separate parts of our overall identity.
* Children may not be aware of their sexual orientation but they usually have a strong sense of their gender identity.
people whose sex assignment at birth corresponds to their gender identity and expression
a flexible range of gender expression, which can change day-to-day and allows for less restrictive and stereotypical gender expectations
* Coveys a wider, more flexible range of gender expression with interests and behaviors that may even change from day to day.
* Gender fluid children do not feel confined by restrictive boundaries of stereotypical expectations of girls or boys.
* Children may feel they are a girl some days and a boy on others
possessing biological sexual characteristics of both sexes
What does the veil mean?
Means different things to different people within muslim society, and it means different things to westerners than it does to middle easterners.
Why do women wear veils
* It's a custom that good Muslim women do
* Women are responsible for the management of men's sexuality
* Monotone in color to not be attractive and draw attention
* Opaque and loose to not draw attention to shape of the body
* Demonstrates obedience to Islam
* Distinguishes men from women
* Reminds women their proper place is in the home and not in public
* Shows a disdain for western customs that are profane and immodest
* Qur'an says to- it was Muhammad's revelation
Why do women anti-veil
* Hijab is linked to oppression and male domination
* Veiling is cultural- occurring before the rise of Islam
* Believe the Qur'an speaks about the wives of Muhammad veiling not all women (discrepancy on the interpretation of who must/should)
Buddhist Monks Dress
Typically wear robes
What are the three parts of the Buddhist robe?
inner garment, upper robe and outer robe
What do Buddhist nuns wear?
Vest and leading cloth
What do Catholic Priests wear?
* Dress typically consists of long robe (Dark/black suit)
* Important that the community is easily able to recognize the priest as a man of God in times of communion etc.
What do Orthodox Jewish men wear?
* Men typically wear long black garments, kippahs, the tahlit (shawl), tzi tzi (tassels on the shawl)
* In addition to clothing, Orthodox Jewish men wear long beards, wide brimmed hat, stray from color (fashion is a distraction- monotone colors help keep priorities straight)
What do Jain Monks and Nuns wear?
* Women wear plain, white robes/clothing/dresses
* Monks comprised of two different branches
* Some wear plain white
* Some are naked
* Women cannot engage in nudity/ rejection of all worldly possessions
What do Sikhs wear?
* Hair piled in turban
* Modest attire
* 5 Articles of Faith
* Purpose: Way to identify
* Sikhs want to be recognizable
What do Mormon Missionaries wear?
* Men are called Elders
* Required to wear conservative, modest dress- suits
* Women are called Sisters
* Women are supposed to wear blouses, long skirts, long dresses
* Mormon Church gave a directive that Elders don't have to wear coats in hotter climates
* Necessity to look professional and attractive
* No sweatshirts, backpacks, tattoos, body piercings and only plain hairstyles
What is social psychology?
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another
What is the social psychology of dress
Social psychology of dress uncovers how dress is used by humans to shape their behavior with others on a daily basis
Social psychology of dress is concerned w/ answering questions about how an individual's dress related beliefs, attitudes, feelings and behaviors are shaped by the influence of others.
What two basic functions do dress provide for humans?
* Modifier of body processes
* Medium for communication
How does dress affect ideas about one's self?
believing that one's body is in any way outside the expectations of societal standards can motivate individuals to engage in risky body modification behaviors
How do external organizations influence one's dress?
* Participation in groups and other formal/informal organizations can exert constraints on what people wear
* Ex: School and workplaces- implementation of dress codes
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